Lake Turkana is the largest permanent lake in a desert with a surface area of 6,405 square kilometers. It is located in the Eastern Rift Valley in northern Kenya. It ranks fourth in Africa on the basis of its size. It is also the world’s biggest alkaline lake. This lake is relatively shallow.
Because of its breathtaking green color, the lake has got another name, Jade Sea. It has got this green color because of jade deposits. It has only been around for the past 200,000 years. The official name of this lake is Lake Rudolf.
Quick Facts: –
- Lake Turkana has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The basin of the lake covers a total surface area of 7 million hectares.
- The basin area supports hundreds of bird species including both native to Kenya and migratory.
- The surrounding climate of the lake is hot, harsh and very dry.
- The average depth of this lake is 30.3 meters while the maximum depth is 109 meters.
- It has an average water holding capacity of 203.6 cubic kilometers.
- Lake Turkana National Parks is formed by three different national parks.
- The lake is fed by mainly three rivers which are Turkwel, Kerio and Omo. The Omo River provides 90% of the flow.
- There is no outflow of Lake Turkana. The only way of water loss is evaporation.
- It has a salinity of 2.44% and it is also the world’s largest salt lake by volume.
- The water is drinkable but not palatable.
- It is sometimes referred to as the birthplace of humanity.