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Leo Tolstoy


Leo Tolstoy was a Russian novelist, playwright. He was born on September 9, 1828 in an aristocratic family in Yasnaya Polyana in the Russian Empire. He was the fourth among five children of Count Nikolai Ilyich Tolstoy and Countess Mariya Tolstaya.

His birth name was Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy. Both of his parents passed away in his early childhood so he was raised by his relatives. In 1843, he progressed to the famous Kazan University to pursue a career in diplomatic field but found himself disinterested in languages. In 1847, he dropped out of the university.


Quick Facts: –

  • He joined the army and also fought in the Crimean War from November 1854 to August 1855.
  • While serving in the army, he used most of his free time to write. His first published book was ‘Childhood’.
  • After this, Leo Tolstoy wrote ‘Boyhood’, the second book of his trilogy of autobiographies.
  • He wrote classics such as War and Peace and Anna Karenina, and is considered to be one the greatest novelists of all time.
  • His wife Sophia Behrs helped him to finish his book ‘War and Peace’ by rewriting the complete manuscript eight times.
  • Tolstoy and Sophia had a total of 13 children together but only 10 of them survived infancy.
  • The third part of his autobiographic biology was published in 1857. It was named ‘Youth’.
  • He wrote The Death of Ivan Illichin 1886, one of his most successful and famous works.
  • Tolstoy died on November 20, 1910 after developing Pneumonia.



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