Mary, Queen of Scots or Mary Stuart was one of the most controversial rulers of her time. She was born December 8, 1542 and became a monarch in her infancy. She ruled from December 1542 to February 8, 1587 till her tragic death. Her coronation took place on September 9, 1543, at Stirling Castle.
She claimed crowns of four different nations at one time which are England, Ireland, Scotland and France. Her first husband was the Dauphin of France, Francis.
They tied the knot in 1554 and Mary became Queen Consort of France. Francis died in 1560 and then Mary decided to return to her country.
Quick Facts: –
- On July 29, 1565, Mary tied the knot with her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley at Holyrood House Palace.
- She had a son named James with Lord Darnley. Her son inherited the throne of Scotland.
- He ruled as James VI of Scotland and James I of England.
- Over the time, there have been several attempts to have Mary canonised as a Catholic saint.
- As her portraits make it very visible, she had attractive features and had an arresting beauty.
- After a lot of disputes in Scotland, she fled to England hoping for shelter and support from her cousin Elizabeth I.
- Instead of helping her, Elizabeth I had her arrested for 19 years and signed her death Warrant.
- Mary, Queen of Scots was executed on 8 February 1587 at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire.
- Mary’s son had her remains moved to the King Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.