Mount Vesuvius is one of the world’s most dangerous volcanoes. It is located in southern Italy, on the Gulf of Naples. It is the only volcano on the European mainland that has erupted during the last century and is still active. It has erupted over 50 times during the last 2,000 years.
The eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. This eruption spewed 1.5 million tons of lava per second. The Ruins of Pompeii are visited by over 2.6 million people per year. This volcano is estimated to be around 17,000 years old.
Fast Facts: –
- Mount Vesuvius has a semicircular ridge called Mount Somma that is measured 3,714 feet in height.
- The volcano measures about 4,190 feet high and measures about 30 miles around its base.
- The damage caused by the eruption of this volcano was so extensive that there was no attempt to rebuild the cities.
- After the eruption Pompeii was buried under 14 to 17 feet of ash and pumice.
- The eruption of Mount Vesuvius volcano was said to have lasted more than 24 hours.
- The remains of 1500 people have been found, but the exact number of casualties is unknown.
- The volcano is classed as a complex stratovolcano because its eruptions typically involve explosive eruptions as well as pyroclastic flows.
- The most recent eruption of Mount Vesuvius occurred in 1944 and it is still considered an active volcano.
- It lasted two weeks and destroyed almost 80 allied planes stationed at the Pompeii Airfield.
- The Amphitheatre of Pompeii is the oldest stone building of its kind known to mankind, dating back to 80 BC.