Neil Armstrong, an American astronaut was the first person who walked on the moon on July 20, 1969. It was one of the biggest achievements in the field of astronomy.
Early Life: –
He was born on August 5, 1930. His full name is Neil Alden Armstrong. He realized his love and passion for flying at an early age. He earned his pilot’s license when he was only 16 years old, even before getting a driving license. In 1947, he enrolled in aeronautical engineering at Purdue University on a U.S. Navy scholarship.
Initial Career: –
He started his career as a test pilot after graduating from college. Other than that, he was a naval aviator, aero-space engineer and university professor.
- In 1949, Armstrong had served in the Korean War for the US navy. He flew 78 missions over Korea. His total time in the air was 121 hours.
- He earned his release from the active service in Korean War in 1952 and went back to college.
- In 1955, he joined NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) as an engineer.
- This government agency later became NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).
- He tested many high-speed aircraft, including the X-15, which could reach a top speed of 4,000 miles per hour.
- Gemini 8 was the first space mission for Neil Armstrong. He was the command pilot. He took on a teaching role for Gemini 11.
- He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest honor a civilian can earn from the US government.
- On December 23, 1968, Armstrong was offered the command of the Apollo 11, the first manned landing on the moon.
- He exited the Lunar Module at 10:56 PM on July 20, 1969 and took the first step on the moon.
- After surveying the moon’s surface, he collected a bag of dust so that NASA scientists back on the Earth can examine it.
- This bag was sold by Chicago resident Nancy Lee Carlson in 2017 for $1.8 million in an auction. She herself bought this bag for $995 from a government auction.
- Neil Armstrong and his fellow astronauts from Apollo 11 mission had to spend three weeks in Quarantine.
- He remained with NASA until 1971. Then he joined the faculty of the University of Cincinnati as a professor of Aerospace Engineering and worked for 8 years.
- In 1986, Armstrong served as vice chairman of the Presidential Commission on the space shuttle Challenger
- This Presidential Commission investigated the explosion of the Challenger on January 28, 1986.
- He also served as the chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation, Inc., from 1982 to 1992.
- His famous quote is, “It is one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind”. Armstrong said these words when he took the first step on the moon.
- The space suit that the astronaut wore to his moon landing mission was made by Playtex.
- This spacesuit insulated the astronaut against the harsh void of space when he made his famous touchdown.
- Armstrong called his space suit for this mission reliable and even cuddly.
- He once sued Hallmark because the company used his name and likeness without permission for a 1994 Christmas ornament.
- Although he preferred to lead a private life but for a 1979 Super Bowl commercial spot, he agreed to appear on camera endorsing Chrysler automobiles.
- Neil Armstrong died On August 25, 2012 due to complications from a heart surgery.
Question & Answers: –
Ques. What is Neil Armstrong well-known for?
Ans. Being the first man to set foot on the moon.
Ques. When did Neil Armstrong walk on the moon?
Ans. On July 20, 1969
Ques. When did he enter the NASA astronaut program?
Ans. In 1962
Ques. What was Armstrong’s first mission as an astronaut?
Ans. Gemini VIII was his first mission and he served as the command pilot.
Ques. Who were his fellow astronauts on the Apollo 11 Mission?
Ans. Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin
Ques. How much time did Apollo 11 astronauts spent in the Quarantine?
Ans. Three weeks.
Ques. In which war did Neil Armstrong serve as a fighter pilot in the US Navy?
Ans. Korean War
Ques. What was the name of the lunar module which landed Armstrong and his crew on the moon?
Ans. The Eagle
Ques. How old was Neil Armstrong when he took his first airplane ride?
Ans. He was six years old at that time.
List of People who Landed on the Moon: –
|Astronaut Name||Landing Date||Mission Name|
|Neil Armstrong||July 21, 1969||Apollo 11|
|Buzz Aldrin||July 21, 1969||Apollo 11|
|Pete Conrad||November 19–20, 1969||Apollo 12|
|Alan Bean||November 19–20, 1969||Apollo 12|
|Alan Shepard||February 5–6, 1971||Apollo 14|
|Edgar Mitchell||February 5–6, 1971||Apollo 14|
|David Scott||July 31–August 2, 1971||Apollo 15|
|James Irwin||July 31–August 2, 1971||Apollo 15|
|John Young||April 21–23, 1972||Apollo 16|
|Charles Duke||April 21–23, 1972||Apollo 16|
|Gene Cernan||December 11–14, 1972||Apollo 17|
|Harrison Schmitt||December 11–14, 1972||Apollo 17|