Socotra Island

The Socotra Island lies some 150 miles east of the Horn of Africa and 250 miles south of the Arabian Peninsula. This tiny island is known for its rare strange plants and animals that are found nowhere else in the world. Still there may be many undiscovered species of plants, reptiles, insects etc.

Socotra is actually a collection of four islands in the Indian Ocean, near the Gulf of Aden. The Socotra Island belongs to Republic of Yemen and Somalia also claims to have rights to the islands.


Quick Facts: –

  • The exotic flora of the Socotra Island has more than 800 species and more than one third of them are endemic to this island.
  • Here are about 34 reptile and 96 land snail species, almost along with 730 fish, 300 crustacean, 4 bat and 192 bird species.
  • This island has been listed as a world heritage site in 2008 by the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.
  • Socotra Island was an ancient hub for trading with people from Rome, Greece and Egypt.
  • It is somewhat similar to Galapagos Island, but more densely populated than Galapagos.
  • It is home to more than 100 different bird species including sun bird, bunting birds, sparrow and Socotra Warbler etc.
  • The unofficial symbol of this island is the famous Dragon Blood Tree which has an umbrella like shape and produces a red sap.
  • The scientific name of Dragon Blood Tree is Dracaena Cinnabari.
  • This island measures 132 kilometers in length and 49.7 kilometers in width.