In Sri Lanka live two groups – the majority Buddhist Sinhalese, and the minority Hindu Tamils. After independence, the Tamils felt discriminated against and a rebel group formed. The country endured more than 20 years of civil war, which ended in 2009.
Sri Lanka is a beautiful, tropical island located in the Indian Ocean off the tip of India. With over 1,000 miles of beaches, it’s a popular tourist destination. The island is home to many animals, including elephants, and tropical plants. Sri Lanka has two monsoon seasons, one in spring and one in fall.
- 21 million people live in Sri Lanka.
- Maithripala Sirisena is the President of Sri Lanks (Data 2018)
- The country has 25,332 square miles of land.
- Sri Lanka is known as the “Pearl in the Indian Ocean” because of its beauty
- The official languages include Sinhala and Tamil.
- Buddhism is the main religion, followed by Hinduism. Muslim and Christian followers also live here.
- The life expectancy in Sri Lanka is 76.5 years.
- The Sinharaja Forest Reserve has been designated a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage site by UNESCO. It is a major tourist destination. It is classified a rain forest and over 250 species of tree frogs can be found here.
- At 2,524 m Pidurutalagala is the highest mountain in Sri Lanka
- Flowing for 335 km (208 miles) the Mahaweli River is the longest river in Sri Lanka
- Majority: largest group
- Minority: smallest group
- Discriminate: treat unfairly
- Rebel: one who rises up to fight or disagree with others
- Monsoon: heavy rains
Visit the BBC to see photos of Sri Lanka.
Question: What are the main industries in Sri Lanka?
Answer: Great Britain developed tea plantations which still produce tea. Sri Lanka is also known for its tourism and garment making. Factories here make clothing which is shipped to other countries.