Weather Facts

Weather affects us all. It can mean sunny beach days, thunderstorms, snow days, and hurricanes. Kids should learn about all kinds of weather to help them understand how it shapes the world.

Weather facts for kids explain what causes different types of weather and how people use science to predict changes in the atmosphere. Understanding the effects of climate change is also an important part of studying weather.

Types of Weather


Rain can be essential for nourishing life. It helps replenish water in rivers, lakes, and oceans. It replenishes the ground soil, supports vegetation, and brings relief from droughts. But too much rain can also cause extensive flooding and destruction of property.

Rain is a part of every climate and can come in several forms, such as light rain, steady rain, heavy rain, showers, or thunderstorms. Where climates are heavily influenced by seasonal changes, they may experience all four seasons; winter with snowfall, spring with regular rainfall, summer with showers or thunderstorms, and fall with mild rains or none at all.


Winter brings with it snow: a whiteness that blanket and wraps around all. It muffles sounds, cushions lands, and leaves a trace of dreams lingering in the air. Kids marvel at its beauty as snowflakes dance their way down from above.

Yet snow does not remain still for long. Fiery winds whip and swirl the powdery ice into shapes so intricate no artist can recreate. Toes crunch along the hardened ground until the sun sets and signs of life have gone astray. Snow transforms traditional paths into treads only meant to be traveled by night-dwellers or creatures seeking shelter from the bitter cold.


Wind can be a tricky concept. It’s invisible, but its effects can be seen and felt everywhere. To understand this phenomenon, it’s important to learn about the forces that produce different types of winds.

Air pressure is a key factor in wind formation, with high-pressure areas emitting air while low-pressure regions draw air inward. Individuals can observe how winds move when they focus on seeing flags and trees swaying, leaves rustling, or cloud formations changing shape. Different conditions produce distinct kinds of gusts: sea breezes appear near coasts, trade winds blow from east to west across major ocean basins, and typhoons whirl off the coast of Asia.

Wind may bring gifts—gentle rain showers, for instance—or disasters like hurricanes and tornadoes. Understanding the elements influencing wind patterns helps people to prepare for storms before nature unleashes its might. Exploring wind teaches kids about invisible forces at work in the world around them and keeps them safe during inclement weather.

Thunderstorms and Lightning

Wet weather brings awareness of the natural power of storms and lightning. Thunderstorms are a type of inclement weather that can electrify the skies with their energy. Kids should understand this fascinating yet dangerous force of nature.

Thunderstorms conjure up many images, from the awe-inspiring terror during a heavy storm to gentle drizzles bringing a comforting aroma to plants after days without rain. It’s important for kids to recognize thunderstorms accurately and know what actions to take if one is imminent.

Lightning is part and parcel of any thunderstorm, exhibiting its dazzling display in a naturally generated light show in the sky. Its power can cause devastation and can endanger those in its path, so it’s important children learn the extent of its destructive ability and how far apart lightning strikes can occur. With an understanding of both thunderstorms and lightning comes preparedness for times when they come together to show both their frightening force as well as their inspirational beauty.

Fog and Clouds

Fog is a mysterious expression of nature that often appears in cloud-covered skies. Not only does it add an element of intrigue and drama, but it can also reduce visibility, making travel riskier. For kids, fog creates an interesting opportunity to explore the Earth’s beauty.

Fog can be many different shades and heights depending on air temperature and humidity. It can be low-lying, like a carpet, or high up in swirling plumes. Kids can observe the mystique of fog by watching how clouds roll in or slide away while they stand still. Watching fog move across the landscape provides a unique learning experience as children are rewarded with glimpses of shapes and shadows in their own backyard.

Clouds provide another great way to teach kids about the weather. Clouds come in various shapes and sizes that present different weather conditions and levels of precipitation. From hurricanes to thunderstorms, kids can learn all about what causes clouds to develop and form various types of weather patterns. They’ll understand why some days are sunny while other days are filled with rain or snow.

Heat and Humidity

Heat and humidity can differ significantly depending on location and season. In the summer months, high temperatures combined with a high amount of moisture in the air can create sweltering conditions. In winter, the drier air leads to temperatures that feel colder than they actually are.

Humidity has a great impact on how we perceive temperature. When there’s a lot of wetness in the air, sweat evaporates more slowly, and heat is trapped around our body, which causes us to feel hotter than we would if it were drier. However, colder climates benefit as humidity helps keep warmth in during the winter months.

Tornadoes and Hurricanes

Fierce winds, relentless rains, and raging floods. Such is the power of weather phenomena like hurricanes and tornadoes.

The build-up starts slowly. Firstly, clouds tend to come in, darkening the sky. Winds gradually increase in speed, and when they reach a certain intensity, they spawn twisters that unleash their fury on everything they touch. Hurricanes are similar but on a broader scale, causing extensive damage over much larger areas as they move from land to sea, dragging with them powerful winds which topple buildings in their paths.

Both of these natural disasters can cause widespread destruction. That’s why kids need to be aware of them and know what precautions to take so that if ever caught unaware, they can protect themselves and those around them from the ravaging effects of such extreme weather conditions.

Droughts and Wildfires

Drought brings an extreme lack of rainfall and can be devastating to natural ecosystems and human societies alike. With drier air, temperatures may also rise, leading to more frequent and intense wildfires – consuming vegetation, wildlife, homes, built environment, and people’s livelihood.

Heat waves are periods of intense heat where temperatures remain higher than expected for extended periods of time. Prolonged exposure can cause severe health issues like heat exhaustion or stroke due to dehydration and over-exertion. It also poses a serious risk of worsening air pollution levels.

Heavy rainfalls bring short bursts of water that can have a dramatic impact even in places far away from large bodies of water. They often lead to floods that can damage homes and businesses as well as infrastructure like roads or bridges, causing major disruptions in transportation lines or electricity supplies.

Extreme Weather Events

Storms are severe weather events that can cause damage and disruption. They often involve high winds and intense rainfall, hail, or snow, which can become very dangerous in some cases.

Heatwaves are periods of unusually hot weather which can last for days, weeks, or even months. Prolonged exposure can present a health risk to vulnerable groups like the elderly, young kids, and people with existing medical conditions.

Blizzards occur when snowfall is accompanied by strong winds and extremely cold temperatures, which can create whiteout conditions on roads and walking paths. Severe winter storms are called ice storms, to occur during freezing temperatures when rain turns into ice upon contact with surfaces like tree branches and power lines.

Definition of Weather

Weather is the state of the atmosphere at any given moment. It is determined by a range of factors, from short-term conditions such as winds and clouds to longer-term patterns like temperatures and sun cycles. To understand weather, one must consider how the Earth’s atmosphere interacts with its natural environment.

Kids can observe different types of weather every day by standing outside or looking out a window. Common types include cool air flowing in from nearby mountains or coastlines, cloud cover obstructing sunshine, and high-pressure systems with sunny skies. Weather corresponds to our daily lives; it influences where we go and what activities we engage in. Understanding it helps promote an appreciation of the environment.

Importance of Understanding Weather

Weather affects us all, from the crops we grow to the activities we enjoy. That’s why it pays for everyone, including kids, to understand a few basic principles about how weather works.

For instance, kids should learn how temperature is related to air pressure, why storms form, and how fronts cause changes in the weather. It’s also important for kids to recognize different cloud types and be able to predict possible changes just by looking at the sky – skills that will serve them well when deciding whether they can go out and play or need to stay indoors.

Additionally, knowledge of the sun’s role in influencing weather patterns can help children better plan outdoor activities like sports or hiking trips. Understanding storm preparation can also help protect against potential hazards such as flooding and lightning strikes. Teaching basic weather safety prepares kids for emergency situations like tornadoes or snowstorms, so they know what steps to take in order to keep themselves safe.

How to Stay Safe During Severe Weather Conditions


Listen to your local authorities for any severe weather warnings. This way, you will know what precautions you need to take to remain safe during a storm or other natural disaster.


Assemble an emergency kit containing essential items in case of a power outage or any other damage caused by severe weather. Include some food, bottled water, a battery-powered radio, flashlights, and extra batteries in the kit.


Learn how to identify the warning signs of severe weather, such as strong winds, hail, floods, and extreme heat events. This knowledge can help you determine when it is best to stay indoors and when it is safest to evacuate an area.

Fun Facts About the Weather

Weather is an amazing thing! Here are some fun facts about the weather for kids:

  1. The hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 134°F in Death Valley, California, in 1913.
  2. The coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth was -128.6°F in Antarctica in 1983.
  3. Thunderstorms can produce lightning that is five times hotter than the sun’s surface!
  4. A hurricane can release more energy than 10 atomic bombs!
  5. Tornadoes can reach wind speeds of up to 300 miles per hour!
  6. Hailstones can be as big as baseballs and weigh up to 1 pound!
  7. Snowflakes have six sides, and no two snowflakes are exactly alike!
  8. The highest recorded wind speed was 231 mph in Australia in 1996.
  9. The longest heatwave ever recorded lasted for 160 days in Death Valley, California, in 1913.
  10. The most rain ever recorded fell in 24 hours at Holt, Missouri, with a total of 17 inches!
  11. The largest hailstone ever recorded was 8 inches in diameter and weighed 1.93 pounds!
  12. A single lightning bolt can contain up to one billion volts of electricity!
  13. The highest recorded temperature in the world was 159.3°F in Mitribah, Kuwait, in 2016.
  14. The longest snowfall ever recorded lasted for 189 days at Mount Rainier, Washington, in 1971-1972.
  15. The most powerful tornado ever recorded had wind speeds of up to 302 mph and occurred in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, in 1999.