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The Alhambra is located on al-Sabika Hill, on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was originally constructed as a fortress but converted into a palace. Initial construction took place in AD 889 and Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada made it a palace in the 1333.

It was strategically located on the hill to give a view of the whole expanse of the city of Granada as well as the meadow. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with two other related sites: the Albaicín and the Generalife Garden in 1984.


Quick Facts: –

  • Originally the Alhambra had three main sections: the Nasrid Palaces, the Alcazaba, and the Generalife.
  • The Nasrid Palaces is the most famous section which features the signature Moorish architecture and mosaic-work.
  • The Alcazaba is the oldest part of the entire complex. It is a fortress with multiple towers.
  • Most of the buildings in the complex are whitewashed but after years of being baked in the hot sun, they appear reddish.
  • It is surrounded by the river Darro on its northern side and valley of al-Sabika on its southern side.
  • The plateau on which the palace is located measures about 740 meters in length and 205 meters in width.
  • This palace was not the construction project of a single ruler, but rather the work of successive rulers of the Nasrid dynasty.
  • In 1812 some of the complex’s towers were blown up by the French during the Peninsular War.
  • American author Washington Irving took up residence at the Alhambra in 1829 and also wrote and published tales of Alhambra.

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