Albert Einstein – Person of the Century

You might think Albert Einstein’s theories have little to do with your life, but his discoveries made everything from television to garage door openers to DVD players possible. Einstein was one of the most brilliant scientists of all time. He was named “Person of the Century” in 1999 by TIME Magazine.

Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century. He is best known for his theory of relativity and his famous equation, E=mc². Einstein was also a pacifist and a civil rights activist, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. He died in 1955 at the age of 76.

Albert Einstein Facts for Kids

  • Albert Einstein was a famous physicist.
  • He was born in Germany in 1879.
  • Einstein developed the theory of relativity.
  • His most known equation is E=mc^2.
  • He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.
  • Einstein moved to the USA before World War II.
  • He was offered to be Israel’s second President.
  • He was known for his wild hair and moustache.
  • Einstein loved to play the violin.
  • He died in the USA in 1955.

Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein, a renowned scientist born in 1879, is famous for his Theory of Relativity. This theory explains the relationship between time and space. It has two parts: the Special and General Theory of Relativity. The Special Theory, introduced in 1905, demonstrates how time can change depending on an object’s speed. The General Theory, published in 1915, describes how massive objects can bend space and time. These ideas revolutionized our understanding of the universe and led to discoveries such as GPS technology and the study of black holes.

Einstein’s Life

Albert Einstein, born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany, was a brilliant scientist who contributed significantly to physics. As a child, his curiosity allowed him to develop a deep understanding of the world. At 26, Einstein published his Theory of Relativity, altering perceptions of time, space, and gravity. He also introduced the equation E=mc², linking energy and mass. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect, explaining how light can produce electricity. Einstein continued to make essential contributions to science throughout his life, becoming a renowned scientist. His story can inspire children, as he faced challenges and used curiosity and imagination to improve the world.


Albert Einstein, a physicist born in Germany in 1879, made significant contributions to science, including his famous Theory of Relativity and its equation E=mc². This shows that energy (E) and mass (m) are connected through the speed of light (c²). He also introduced spacetime, a four-dimensional structure combining space and time, changing our understanding of gravity. Einstein’s discoveries in physics have shaped modern science, technology, and daily life. Besides his scientific achievements, he promoted peace, education, and a love for learning, making him a role model for kids worldwide.

Nobel Prize in Physics

Albert Einstein, a highly influential scientist, received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his discovery of the photoelectric effect. This crucial finding, demonstrating light’s wave-like and particle-like properties, significantly impacted modern physics and our comprehension of light and energy. Though Einstein is more famous for his theory of relativity, the Nobel Prize acknowledged his equally important photoelectric effect discovery, inspiring future physicists to pursue their curiosity and passion for understanding the universe.

Pacifism and Politics

Albert Einstein was not only a brilliant scientist but also a passionate advocate for peace and political justice. He believed in pacifism, which is the belief that conflicts should be resolved peacefully rather than through violence or war. During his lifetime, Einstein spoke out against the horrors of war and promoted peaceful cooperation between nations. He even joined the League of Nations, an international organization created after World War I to encourage diplomacy and prevent future wars. Later, he became an active supporter of the civil rights movement in the United States and fought against racial discrimination. Einstein’s commitment to pacifism and social justice shows that he was a great thinker in both science and peace and equality for all.

Einstein’s Thought Experiments

Albert Einstein, a renowned physicist, used ‘thought experiments’ to understand complex scientific concepts. These imaginary scenarios helped him test ideas and theories. One famous thought experiment, the ‘Twin Paradox,’ helped develop the theory of special relativity. It involved two twins, one on Earth and the other traveling through space at near-light speed. Upon return, the traveling twin was younger due to time dilation. This concept inspired many to explore physics and the universe. Einstein’s thought experiments encourage children to use imagination and critical thinking to solve problems and discover scientific wonders.

Albert Einstein’s Famous Quotes

Albert Einstein, a renowned physicist, was famous not only for his groundbreaking research but also for his wise and inspiring words. His quotes have become a source of motivation and learning for kids worldwide. From ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge’ to ‘Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new,’ Einstein’s quotes teach kids to embrace creativity, curiosity, and perseverance. He believed that asking questions and exploring the world are the keys to understanding the universe. Introducing children to Einstein’s quotes can inspire them to think beyond their textbooks and encourage them to dream big and pursue their passions fearlessly.

Einstein and Education

Albert Einstein, known for his groundbreaking work in physics, was also a strong advocate for education. Born in 1879, his early education was marked by curiosity and love for learning. Despite challenges in school, Einstein persevered and attended the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. He believed in the power of imagination and creativity, stating ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge.’ His life and work demonstrate that determination, passion, and curiosity are essential for success in education and beyond.

Einstein’s Legacy

Albert Einstein’s legacy significantly impacted science and our understanding of the universe. As the ‘Father of Modern Physics,’ he made groundbreaking discoveries, such as the theory of relativity, which altered our perception of space, time, and gravity, and the photoelectric effect, which contributed to quantum theory development. His famous equation, E=mc², demonstrates the relationship between energy and mass. Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921, Einstein has inspired generations of scientists and inquisitive minds to explore the universe’s mysteries and make their own discoveries.

Einstein’s Brain

Einstein’s brain has been a subject of curiosity among researchers. After his death, it was preserved for study. It was found that his brain was slightly smaller than average, but had more glial cells and a 15% larger parietal lobe. This could explain his intelligence and problem-solving abilities. Scientists continue to study his brain to understand human intelligence, inspiring children to believe that a unique brain can lead to groundbreaking achievements.

But Albert Einstein had personal struggles too. When his grandmother first saw him, she called him “thick,” which means, “not very smart.” Einstein didn’t talk until he was four years old and he liked to repeat words and sentences over and over until he was about seven. Some researchers think he had a form of autism. Albert Einstein didn’t learn to read until he was nine. Although he loved learning, he didn’t like school. Even as an adult, Einstein was disorganized. He often forgot appointments and his lectures were hard to follow. He was the classic “absent-minded professor.”

Einstein Teaching Image
All About Albert Einstein: He spent many years as a mathematics professor at Princeton University.

Fun Facts about Albert Einstein for Kids

  • Albert Einstein was born in Germany in 1879. He was the oldest child and he had one younger sister.
  • Einstein first became interested in science when his father gave him a compass.
  • Even though Einstein didn’t like school, he loved reading and learning on his own.
  • He loved classical music and played the piano and violin.
  • Einstein wrote his first scientific paper when he was sixteen.
  • He hated war and worked for peace throughout his life. He was a pacifist. He supported the Civil Rights movement in America.
  • Einstein became famous after he published his theory of relativity in 1915. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921.
Einstein Awarded with the Nobel Prize Image
He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921, after he published his theory of relativity in 1915.

Albert Einstein Vocabulary

  1. Theory: idea backed by research
  2. Brilliant: exceptionally bright
  3. Autism: a neurological disorder that causes social, communication and organizational challenges
  4. Pacifist: one who supports compromise and collaboration over war

Learn More All About Albert Einstein – Person of the Century

Get to know more about Einstein in this video:

A video about 5 facts you might not know about Einstein.

Albert Einstein Q&A

Question: Did Albert Einstein invent the atomic bomb?

Answer: Albert Einstein did not invent the atomic bomb and was actually barred from helping the US government develop atomic weapons. He opposed war and violence. He wrote a letter to President Roosevelt warning him that the Germans were developing atomic weapons.


Question: What did Albert Einstein do when he wasn’t discovering theories?

Answer: Albert Einstein moved to the United States when the Nazis took power in Germany. He spent many years as a mathematics professor at Princeton University.