All About Germany Fun Earth Science Facts for Kids - Image of Architectural Houses in Germany
All About Germany Fun Earth Science Facts for Kids - Image of Architectural Houses in Germany

Germany is a country, situated in the middle part of Europe. After the 2nd world war, it was divided into two parts: – Eastern and Western Germany. It has a terrain of immense forests, mountain ranges and rivers. It is a democratic country.

Germany is a country located in central Europe with a population of over 83 million people. It is known for its rich history, including its role in both World War I and World War II. Germany is also a major economic power, with a strong manufacturing industry and a highly skilled workforce.

The country is home to many famous landmarks, such as the Brandenburg Gate and Neuschwanstein Castle, and is known for its contributions to art, music, and literature.

Germany Facts For Kids

  • Germany is located in Central Europe.
  • The capital city of Germany is Berlin.
  • Germany’s official language is German.
  • Germany uses the Euro (€) as its currency.
  • It’s famous for its castles and fairy tales.
  • The largest car show, IAA, happens in Germany.
  • Germany is known for its tasty sausages.
  • Germany’s national animal is the eagle.
  • Christmas trees originated in Germany.
  • Germany is the birthplace of Beethoven.

World War II

During World War II, from 1939-1945, Germany was the main instigator under dictator Adolf Hitler. The Axis Powers, including Germany and its allies, promoted the idea of the ‘Aryan race,’ leading to the persecution of innocent people, particularly Jews. Many fought against Germany and its allies, while some Germans risked their lives to help others. In 1945, Germany was divided into East and West Germany until reunited in 1990. Learning about this dark time helps prevent similar events from reoccurring.

European Union

Germany is a key member of the European Union (EU), a group of 27 countries promoting peace, economic cooperation, and political stability. As the largest economy in the EU, Germany significantly influences policies and decisions affecting all members. A founding member of the EU, Germany has contributed to its development since its inception as the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957.

The EU is known for environmental protection, promoting human rights, and ensuring free movement of people, goods, and services. German children learn about the EU in school, and German is one of its 24 official languages. Additionally, Germany is part of the Schengen Area, allowing passport-free travel within many European countries.

Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall, a significant part of Germany’s history, symbolized the importance of unity and freedom. Constructed in 1961, it divided Berlin into East and West, with East Berlin under communist control and West Berlin as part of democratic West Germany. The wall was built to prevent escape from East Germany’s harsh conditions and lack of freedom.

Stretching for 96 miles (155 kilometers), it was heavily guarded to stop people from crossing. Families and friends were separated for almost 30 years because of the wall. In 1989, the wall fell, and Germany reunited. Today, parts of the Berlin Wall remain as a reminder of this period in German history, with some sections transformed into colorful murals and art displays for all to learn about and appreciate unity and freedom.


Germany, a European country with a rich history and culture, experienced a dark past, including the Holocaust during World War II. Led by Adolf Hitler’s Nazi party, millions of Jewish people and other minority groups were targeted and killed.

Learning about this event helps emphasize the importance of tolerance, kindness, and standing against discrimination and injustice. Today, Germany acknowledges and educates about this period, striving for a future free of such inhuman acts.

German Reunification

In 1990, Germany underwent a significant event known as the German Reunification, when East and West Germany united. The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, divided the countries for over 40 years. On November 9, 1989, the wall fell, and people could move freely across the border.

The official reunification occurred on October 3, 1990, now celebrated as the Day of German Unity. Since then, Germans have worked together to rebuild their country and embrace their shared history and culture.

The German Language

The German language is the official language of Germany, spoken by over 95% of the population. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in Europe and the third most taught foreign language worldwide. German has a complex grammar system with three genders and four cases. It is known for its long compound words, formed by combining smaller words together. Learning German helps connect with the country’s culture and history and opens doors to new opportunities for travel, education, and career paths.


Oktoberfest is an annual festival in Munich, Germany, with fun activities for kids. It began in 1810 to celebrate Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese’s marriage and has evolved into a 16-18 day event celebrating German culture. Millions visit Munich during Oktoberfest to enjoy traditional foods like pretzels, sausages, and ‘Lebkuchenherz’ cookies.

Kids can partake in family-friendly activities such as carnival rides, games, and parades showcasing German costumes and music. Despite its name, the festival starts in late September and ends on the first Sunday in October, offering an opportunity for kids to learn about German culture and traditions.

The Autobahn

The Autobahn, Germany’s highway system, has no official speed limit for certain sections, making it one of the fastest public roads in the world. Covering approximately 13,000 kilometers (8,078 miles), it is one of the densest and most extensive highway networks globally. The first section was completed in 1932, making it one of the oldest controlled-access highways. While driving, it is essential to follow safety rules, such as using the right lane for slower vehicles and the left lane for passing and faster cars. Although there are no specific speed limits, there are recommended speeds of 130 kilometers per hour (80 miles per hour) to ensure safety. The Autobahn is an engineering marvel that showcases Germany’s commitment to efficient transportation and modern infrastructure.

Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel is a significant figure in Germany’s history, as the first female Chancellor of Germany. She served from 2005 to 2021, becoming one of the longest-serving leaders in German history. Merkel has a nickname, ‘Mutti,’ meaning ‘Mom’ in German, because many view her as a caring and supportive leader.

Known for her strong support of the European Union and efforts to help refugees, she exemplifies a powerful and compassionate leader, demonstrating that anyone, regardless of gender, can impact the world.

The Euro

Germany is an important European country, known for its history, landscapes, and food. One fact is that Germany is a key member of the European Union and uses the Euro as its official currency. The Euro is the second most traded currency globally, introduced in Germany in 2002 for easier trade and travel.

Now, 19 of the 27 European Union countries use the Euro, making it convenient for people in Germany to interact with other countries in the region. When visiting Germany, you can use the same Euro banknotes and coins as in other Eurozone countries like France, Italy, and Spain. This makes it easy for kids and families to explore Germany and Europe.

“After the US, Germany is the second most popular human migrant destination”.

How many states are there in Germany?

  • 16 constituent states.


German Climate:

Most of Germany has a mild seasonal climate dominated by sultry winds blowing from the west. The country is situated in between the Western European and the Eastern European climate, where western is oceanic and eastern in continental. There is no consistent dry season. Winters are not harsh and summers tend to be warm.

Interesting facts about Germany:

  • Germany was once a group of small kingdoms, dukedoms.
  • Angela Merkel is the Chancellor of Germany since 2005 (data taken July 2018).
  • Over 80,000,000 live in Germany.
  • Berlin is the capital of Germany.
  • These nine cities have all at one time or another been capitals of the country: Aachen, Regensburg, Berlin, Nuremberg, Frankfurt-am-Main, Weimar, and Bonn and since 1990, Berlin again.
  • It is the seventh largest country in Europe by land area.
  • At 2,962 m Zugspitze is the highest mountain in Germany.
  • Germany has over 30 volcanoes. For now they are quiet.
  • Gray Wolves live here but in small numbers. They are protected under German law.
  • These nine countries share their border with Germany: Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium, France and the Netherlands.
  • It was the first country in the world to adopt Daylight saving time.
  • It is one of the largest car producers in the world.
  • Germany has the largest economy in Europe.
  • It is the second largest beer consumer in Europe.