United States varies a lot. Places near the equator tend to be hot and humid most of the year. The sun’s rays are most intense at the equator. Areas near the North and South poles are cold much of the year. Some areas get little rain, followed by rainy seasons or monsoons. Others get moisture year-round, while desert areas are almost always dry.
Climate is controlled by many factors. Areas near oceans and large lakes often stay warmer than dry, inland areas. If you live in a mountainous area at high altitude, your climate is probably cooler and more intense than an area at sea level. Winds blowing in from the oceans also influence weather.
Climate is important. It determines what types of houses people build and clothing they wear. Climate influences the crops people grow and the food they eat. Climate even controls things like traditions, games and play. If you live in an area where it’s cold most of the year, you probably won’t play outside as much as a child living in a warm, mild climate.
Fun Facts about Climate Around the World for Kids
- Climate and weather are not the same things. Weather is short term and climate is consistent commonly summarized as “Climate is what you expect, weather is what you get”
- Latitude, altitude, terrain and nearby water bodies all affect the climate of a place
- Koppen classification of climates uses average monthly measurements of temperature and precipitation
- Modern day instruments such as anemometers, barometers and thermometers are used to study weather and determine climate changes over the past few centuries
- Climate change comes from changes in regional or global climates over decades or up to millions of years
- The most commonly referred to climate change today is the rise of the earth’s average surface temperature called global warming
- Scientists try to predict climate changes using models to simulate how the atmosphere, oceans, land surfaces and ice will interact
Climate Around the World Vocabulary
- Climate: Weather averaged over a long period of time
- Anemometer: Instrument used to measure and record wind speed
- Interact: Two or more things that act upon each other
- Latitude: distance measured from the earth’s equator either north or south
- Altitude: Height or distance from sea level of a place
- Classification: distribution into groups according to some common relation or attribute
- Barometer: Instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
- Regional: Of a particular tract of land or area
All about Climate Around the World Video for Kids
Watch this awesome climate around the world video for kids:
A video documentary all about climate around the world, explaining why there are different climates in different places.
Climate Around the World Q&A
Question: What do I need to do if I want to study climates and weather?
Answer: To learn more about the weather and climates you can pay attention to daily temperatures. Your family may have a thermometer outside their house or you could listen to your local weather forecasts. You could even look up how to make your own monitoring devices like a barometer. In school you will want to study your sciences and math as they will provide you with the basics to study more about these things in college.
Question: Why are the climates at the earth’s poles so very cold?
Answer: The poles of the earth are much colder than the rest of the planet because they are the furthest away from the sun’s rays so receive the least amount of the sun’s intensity. Unlike the equator at the fat center of the earth which gets the most of the sun’s warming.
Question: Can people live in every type of climate?
Answer: People can survive in every type of climate, but not always without the help of modern day technology. If people are exposed to some climates without proper protection they can die. Modern devices like air conditioning protect people from extreme heat and make thinks more comfortable for people in hot and humid climates. Science has also developed extreme insulating materials too that help protect people from extreme cold as well.
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