All about Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore is also known as the President’s mountain. It is located in the Black Hills of Keystone, South Dakota. President Calvin Coolidge officially dedicated the mountain on August 10, 1927 with a ceremonial drilling.

This incredible sculpture has faces of four famous presidents: – George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. This was built by the famous sculptor Gutzon Borglum. The work on this project started in 1927 and completed in 1941.

Mount Rushmore Facts For kids

  • Mount Rushmore is in South Dakota, USA.
  • It has the faces of four US presidents.
  • Those are Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln.
  • It took 14 years to carve (1927-1941).
  • Gutzon Borglum led the sculpting.
  • Each face is about 60 feet high.
  • It’s visited by millions yearly.
  • It’s carved into the Black Hills.
  • No one died during its construction.
  • It’s an iconic symbol of the USA.

South Dakota

Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, Mount Rushmore is a magnificent landmark that attracts an annual crowd of over two million tourists. It is an emblematic monument showcasing the stone-carved faces of four influential American presidents – George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.

The monumental sculpture, intricately chiseled by Gutzon Borglum and his team, took fourteen years to complete, from 1927 to 1941. Deeply entrenched in South Dakota’s history, the grandeur of Mount Rushmore stands as a tribute to American history and the presidents who played significant roles in shaping the nation. Notably, it offers an engaging and informative experience for anyone visiting South Dakota, especially for children learning about the United States’ history, making it a must-see attraction.

Gutzon Borglum

The renowned American sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, was the creative genius behind Mount Rushmore, a monumental landmark that encapsulates key episodes of U.S. history through its iconic representations of four U.S. presidents. Born in 1867, Borglum commenced the monumental task of carving the visages of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln into Mount Rushmore at the age of 60 in 1927.

Each President was chosen for their embodiment of significant events in the nation’s history. Tragically, Borglum died in March 1941, unable to see his vision fully realized. His legacy was carried forward by his son, Lincoln Borglum, who completed the project later in the same year. Today, Mount Rushmore stands as a powerful testament to Borglum’s artistic prowess and visionary interpretation of American history, drawing millions of visitors annually.

Black Hills

Nestled within the sacred terrain of the Black Hills in South Dakota, revered by the Lakota Sioux Native American tribe, lies the prominent landmark of Mount Rushmore. This grand monument, carved into the granite face of the hills, is an iconic symbol of American history for both adults and children.

Featuring the impressively carved 60-foot-tall faces of four revered United States presidents, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, the monument was meticulously crafted by Gutzon Borglum and his team between 1927 and 1941. With the breathtaking backdrop of the Black Hills, Mount Rushmore stands as a must-visit spot for families, offering a tangible connection to the country’s historical lineage.

Presidential sculptures

An iconic symbol of American values, Mount Rushmore, nestled in South Dakota, showcases the grandeur of four monumental presidential sculptures. The intricately carved granite faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, each towering at an impressive 60 feet high, are a testament to the talent of creators Gutzon Borglum and his son Lincoln Borglum.

The carving of these stone giants commenced in 1927 and spanned over a challenging period of 14 years, resulting in a landmark that stands today as a powerful symbol of the principles of freedom and democracy that these revered Presidents represented.

George Washington

Situated in South Dakota, USA, Mount Rushmore is a renowned national monument that proudly displays the faces of four distinguished U.S. presidents, including the notably prominent face of George Washington. As the first president of the United States and symbolizing the nation’s inception, Washington’s visage is the most commanding on the monument.

His face, carved first and conspicuously larger than the rest, stands approximately 60 feet high – equivalent to a six-story building. The completion of Washington’s carving was achieved in 1934, a significant six years prior to the final completion of the entire Mount Rushmore monument.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson, immortalized on Mount Rushmore to the left of George Washington, is an iconic figure in American history, recognized for his vision of a country expanding westward. This vision was one of the reasons why Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor, opted to depict Jefferson on this monumental South Dakota sculpture.

It’s crucial for children to understand that Jefferson was not only the third President of the United States but also the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, underlining his profound influence on the nation’s early development. Interestingly, Jefferson’s face was initially begun on Washington’s right, but due to unsuitable rock, the partially completed face was dynamited off and re-carved on the other side, a testament to the dedication involved in the creation of this historic monument.

Theodore Roosevelt

Carved into the granite of South Dakota’s Black Hills, Mount Rushmore stands as an extraordinary tribute to some of the nation’s most influential figures, including the 26th President – Theodore Roosevelt. His visage, etched between Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln, is a testament to his profound contributions to the United States, particularly his endeavors to conserve nature and establish national parks.

Roosevelt’s presidency was marked by the protection of an impressive 230 million acres of public land. His inimitable features, characterized by iconic glasses and a mustache on the monument, serve as constant reminders of his adventurous spirit and robust leadership, making Mount Rushmore not just a monument, but a narrative of American history and values.

Abraham Lincoln

Mount Rushmore, an imposing monument etched into the Black Hills of South Dakota, is renowned for featuring a 60-foot-tall depiction of Abraham Lincoln, one of the most esteemed presidents in American history. Lincoln, who held the presidential office from 1861 until his untimely demise in 1865, is celebrated for his leadership during the Civil War era and his pivotal role in abolishing slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation.

The visage of Lincoln, completed in 1937 as part of the 14-year carving project, serves as a striking tribute to his momentous contributions to the nation and is a highlight for visitors to Mount Rushmore.


Famed as the location of Mount Rushmore National Memorial, the small town of Keystone, South Dakota, captivates visitors with its rich American history and array of recreational activities. The colossal monument, etched into Mount Rushmore’s granite face, features 60-foot-high representations of four U.S. Presidents, namely George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, and was impressively completed over a span of 14 years.

A source of excitement for children, the monument also offers a fascinating learning experience. Keystone’s appeal doesn’t stop at the monument; it extends to engaging activities such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing. To cap off the experience, the evening lighting ceremony at Mount Rushmore offers an unforgettable spectacle.

Crazy Horse Memorial

Situated in South Dakota, Mount Rushmore, an iconic landmark, showcases the grandeur of four U.S. presidents – George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln – through its monumental carvings. Just a brief drive from this renowned site reveals another colossal tribute etched into the mountainside, the Crazy Horse Memorial.

Still under construction since its initiation in 1948, this monument is dedicated to the Oglala Lakota tribe’s revered Native American warrior, Crazy Horse. Once completed, this tribute will dwarf Mount Rushmore with Crazy Horse’s face measuring a staggering 87 feet, significantly larger than the 60-foot presidential faces.

The prolonged construction period of the Crazy Horse Memorial compared to Mount Rushmore’s 14-year completion timeline further emphasizes its immense scale and intricate depiction of Native American history.


Facts you didn’t know: –

  • This mountain was named after a New York attorney Charles E. Rushmore.
  • The total cost of the project was one million dollars and it took about 14 years.
  • On average three million visitors visit here every year.
  • Dynamites, jack hammers, hand drills were used for carving the rock of Mount Rushmore. More than 450,000 tons of rock was removed overall to give it a perfect replication.
  • At first, Borglum chose a mountain known as ‘Six Grandfathers’ for the sculpture to be carved.
  • The height of every president’s face is approximately 60 feet long.
  • A remarkable fact about this mountain is that no one died during the project considering the dangers.
  • The eyes of every president are 11 feet wide, their mouths are 18 feet wide and noses are 20 feet long.
  • About 400 workers worked to complete this memorial.
  • Gutzon Borglum was 60 years old when he started carving this memorial and he died in March 1941 leaving the completion of this work to his son Lincoln Borglum.
  • The actual plan was to carve entire bodies down to their waist but due to a lack of funds, the monument was declared completed in 1941.
  • Every night, this monument gets illuminated for two hours.