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Penguins – The Cute Sea Mammals

The penguin in Mary Poppins to Happy Feet movie.

Penguins are fascinating creatures that live in the Southern Hemisphere. They are excellent swimmers and can dive deep into the ocean to catch fish. Penguins have a unique way of walking, waddling from side to side. They also form strong social bonds and often mate for life. These incredible birds have adapted to survive in harsh environments, making them a true marvel of nature.

Penguins Facts Fort Kids

  • Penguins are birds that can’t fly.
  • They live mostly in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Emperor penguins are the tallest species.
  • Penguins have flippers, not wings.
  • They’re excellent swimmers and divers.
  • Penguins eat fish, krill, and squid.
  • They have a layer of blubber to keep warm.
  • Some penguins slide on their bellies on ice.
  • Penguins live in colonies called rookeries.
  • Baby penguins are often called chicks or fledglings.


One of the tallest and heaviest penguin species in Antarctica is the Emperor penguin. In freezing temperatures, these birds thrive with a layer of blubber for warmth and waterproof feathers.

Their exceptional swimming abilities allow them to dive deep to feed on fish, squid, and krill. In addition to their lack of fear of humans, penguins also form large colonies, sometimes including thousands of individuals.

Emperor penguin

Antarctic emperor penguins live in extreme conditions. Their endurance and parenting skills are remarkable. It reaches four feet and weighs 90 pounds, making it the largest of its kind.

For food, they travel extensively. Male penguins keep eggs warm while females feed in the sea during the Antarctic winter. Emperor penguins are adapted to these extreme conditions.


For their main food source, penguins dive as deep as 500 meters to find krill, small shrimp-like animals. It makes up 98 percent of the diet of various penguin species, including Adélie and Emperor penguins.

Changes in oceanic conditions due to climate change may adversely affect krill populations, threatening penguin survival.

Tux (Linux mascot)

Linus Torvalds chose Tux as the Linux mascot due to his fascination with flightless birds. Similarly, Tux represents Linux’s efficiency and durability in harsh environments.

Penguin colonies symbolize adaptability and teamwork in Antarctica. Similarly, Linux, personified by Tux, is used by millions of users and developers worldwide and is supported and collaboratively developed by its community.

Happy Feet (movie)

“Happy Feet”‘s Mumble is an emperor penguin, the tallest and heaviest of all penguin species, reflecting his dominance in the story.

In their real-life habitat, Antarctica, these penguins have blubber for warmth and feathers for insulation.

The storyline also incorporates each emperor penguin’s unique call, reflecting their natural affinity for vocalization.


Despite their similar appearances, puffins and penguins live in different parts of the world, with puffins residing in the cold northern reaches of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, while penguins live primarily in Antarctica.

Both birds are black-and-white feathered and have a similar body shape, adaptations that enable them to survive.

It dives 1,850 feet with penguins and 200 feet with puffins, propelled by its sturdy wings. Penguins live in large colonies and are gregarious animals, whereas puffins prefer a solitary lifestyle. Penguins eat krill and squid, while puffins eat small fish.


Penguins rely on these massive icebergs in the frigid Antarctic waters as critical habitats, maintaining a unique bond with them.

Icebergs are frequently used by these exceptional swimmers and divers as resting and nesting platforms, and they skillfully maneuver through and around them. Penguins use icebergs both as a refuge and as a defense mechanism, diving under the ice when predators approach.

These flightless birds also benefit from the summer meltdown of these icebergs. Despite this, climate change poses a serious threat to the survival of these captivating creatures.


As snakes shed skin, penguins undergo molting every year. To survive, penguins shed their old, deteriorated feathers to grow new ones.

Their feathers keep them warm and waterproof in the icy Antarctic waters. Molting, which can take several weeks, renders them temporarily non-waterproof, preventing them from hunting in the water. To amass energy reserves, penguins consume copious amounts of food prior to molting.

It may appear that they are standing idly, but they are actually growing new feathers.

Penguin rookery

A penguin rookery is a bustling neighborhood where penguins gather to breed and raise their young. It’s a cacophony of squawking sounds and a visual feast of chicks.

The rookeries, which can accommodate thousands at once, create a striking spectacle of black, white, and grey penguins. A penguin parent can locate their chick through their distinctive call despite this extensive crowd.

In a rookery, penguins can exchange parenting advice and protect each other against predators. Essentially, it’s a vast, noisy, and frosty penguin educational institution!

Adélie penguin

Black and white tuxedo-like plumage and white rings encircling their eyes distinguish the Adélie Penguins, an extraordinary species native to Antarctica. On a quest for food, these penguins can travel up to 185 miles in the ocean.

A fascinating aspect of their behavior is their penchant for collecting stones, which they use to build nests on Antarctica’s rocky beaches. Their colonies can number in the thousands, and they are sociable.

Children might be interested to learn that the species is named after the wife of the French explorer who discovered these birds in the 1840s. Imagine the adventurous, stone-collecting Adélie Penguins next time you think of penguins!


Mumble Happy Feet Dancing Image - Science for Kids All About Penguins

Fun Facts about Penguins for Kids

  • Most penguins live near the sea, but migrate inland to have babies.
  • The male Adelies penguins give females rocks as gifts.
  • Male and female penguins take turns sitting on the eggs and taking care of the babies.
  • Male emperor penguins gather together during the winter to protect the eggs. They place the eggs on their feet and huddle over them to keep them warm. They sit in one place for over two months until the eggs hatch. Then the females return to take care of the hatchlings.
  • Penguins eat krill or fish. Those that eat krill have pink poop. Fish eaters have white poop.
  • Penguins are excellent swimmers, but they can’t fly.
Two Penguins Swimming Image
Penguins are excellent swimmers, but they can’t fly.

Penguin Vocabulary

  1. Loveable: easy to love
  2. Antarctica: South Pole
  3. Dense: thick
  4. Migrate: temporarily move
  5. Hatchlings: newly born chicks
The Male Adelies Penguin Image
The male Adelies penguins give females rocks as gifts.

Learn More All About Penguins

A Penguin Group Standing Image
Penguins have dense outer feathers that are coated with oil that keeps them dry. Under those feathers are soft, downy feathers. Penguins also have a thick layer of fat under their skin.

Penguins are cute creatures. Watch this funny video of penguins:

A video compilation of penguin bloopers.

Penguin Q&A

Question: How big are penguins?

Answer: Emperor penguins are the biggest penguins. They are 4 feet tall and can weigh 65 pounds. That’s as big as the average third grader! Rock hopper penguins weigh only 5 pounds and stand 21 inches tall.

Penguin Eating Fish image
Penguins eat krill or fish.


Question: Are penguins endangered?

Answer: Yes, penguin populations have decreased by as much as 80 percent in some areas. Scientists believe climate changes have caused the decrease. Leopard seals and killer whales prey on penguins.