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Samoa Facts

Easy Science Kids Samoa - Aerial View of the Samoan Outline - Samoa Worksheet
Easy Science Kids Samoa - Aerial View of the Samoan Outline

Samoa is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main islands and several smaller ones. The population is around 200,000 people and the official languages are Samoan and English.

The Samoan Islands are known for their beautiful beaches, tropical climate, and traditional culture. The country is also famous for producing rugby players and for being the birthplace of the writer Robert Louis Stevenson.

Samoa is a group of nine islands in the South Pacific Ocean known for its beautiful scenery and friendly people. Most of the people who live here are native Samoans whose ancestors came by boat thousands of years ago. Germany ruled Samoa briefly in the early 20th century. After World War I, New Zealand administered Samoa’s government and helped it become independent.

Samoa Facts for Kids

  • Samoa is located in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • Its capital city is Apia.
  • Samoa is made up of two main islands (Savaìi and Upolu).
  • It’s known for its beautiful beaches and rainforests.
  • The traditional meal cooked in an earth oven is called umu.
  • Rugby is the most popular sport in Samoa.
  • Samoan language, or Gagana Samoa, is widely spoken.
  • Family, or ‘aiga’, is important in Samoan culture.
  • Samoa became independent from New Zealand in 1962.
  • Traditional Samoan dance is called ‘siva’.
Statistic Details
Capital Apia
Population (2022 estimate) 200000
Area 2,842 square kilometers
Official Languages Samoan, English
Currency Samoan tālā (WST)
Time Zone (UTC+13)
Independence 1962 (from New Zealand)
Highest Point Mount Silisili
Life Expectancy (2021 estimate) 73 years
GDP Per Capita (2021 estimate) $6,000 USD


Savaìi is the largest island in Samoa, located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including lush rainforests, pristine beaches, and volcanic landscapes. The island is also home to a rich cultural heritage, with traditional villages and customs still thriving today. Visitors can explore ancient archaeological sites, hike to breathtaking waterfalls, and experience the warm hospitality of the Samoan people. Savaìi offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience for those seeking adventure, relaxation, and cultural immersion.


Upolu is the second largest island in Samoa, located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is home to the country’s capital city, Apia, and has a population of approximately 135,000 people. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests, and cultural landmarks such as the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum and the ancient Pulemelei Mound. Upolu is also a popular destination for surfing, snorkeling, and hiking, making it a must-visit for any traveler to Samoa.

Samoan culture

Samoan culture is deeply ingrained in society, defined by the concept of Fa’a Samoa, or “The Samoan Way,” emphasizing the roles of chiefs (matai), extended family (aiga), and the church. Traditional ceremonies like the ava ceremony and tatau (tattooing) hold high reverence. Despite global influences, Samoa’s cultural heritage remains resilient, underlining its rich history and values.

Samoan language

The Samoan language, Gagana Samoa, is central to Samoa’s cultural identity. As part of the Polynesian subgroup of Austronesian languages, it echoes Samoa’s Pacific heritage.

The language’s unique phonetics and honorific forms highlight societal respect for hierarchy, a part of Fa’a Samoa (the Samoan Way). Despite the influence of English, Samoan remains widely used, reflecting the cultural resilience of the Samoan people.

Geography of Samoa

Situated in the South Pacific Ocean, Samoa consists of two main islands, Upolu and Savai’i, and several smaller ones. Upolu is the most populous, hosting the capital, Apia, while Savai’i is the largest. The islands feature tropical rainforests, volcanic mountains, and beautiful coastlines.

Despite vulnerability to natural hazards like cyclones and tsunamis, Samoa’s stunning geography is a major part of its national identity and a key attraction for tourists.

History of Samoa

Samoa’s history is integral to its national identity. Inhabited by the Lapita people around 3,000 years ago, it evolved a distinct culture. European contact in the 18th century led to German and then New Zealand control.

In 1962, Samoa became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish its independence as Western Samoa but dropped the “Western” from its name in 1997. Despite challenges, Samoa has preserved its cultural traditions, its history reflecting national resilience.

Samoan cuisine

Samoan cuisine reflects the country’s cultural heritage and natural bounty. Staples include root crops like taro and breadfruit, and seafood. Food is traditionally cooked in an umu, an earth oven, giving it a distinct flavor.

Ava, a drink made from kava plant roots, is popular. Social and ceremonial feasts, or fiafia, often feature traditional dishes like palusami and fa’ausi. Samoan cuisine thus represents both sustenance and cultural tradition.

Rugby in Samoa

Rugby is integral to Samoa’s sports culture, uniting the nation and inspiring pride. The national team, Manu Samoa, competes at an international level, including in the Rugby World Cup. Locally, rugby is played widely, from village fields to school competitions.

The sport also offers Samoans opportunities for professional contracts overseas, contributing to the economy through remittances. Thus, rugby in Samoa is more than a sport; it’s part of the national identity and a source of economic opportunity.

Fa’a Samoa (The Samoan Way)

Fa’a Samoa, or “the Samoan way,” governs life in Samoa. It includes respect for elders, communal living, and emphasis on extended family, or aiga, led by a chief, or matai.

The church is a cornerstone of spiritual and social life. Traditional ceremonies, storytelling, music, and dance embody Samoan spirit and resilience. Fa’a Samoa is essential to maintaining Samoan culture and identity amidst modern influences.

Samoan Mythology

Samoan mythology, steeped in Polynesian tradition, forms a key part of Samoa’s cultural heritage. It features gods and legendary figures like Tagaloa, the creator god, and the warrior goddess Nafanua. These myths explain natural phenomena and impart moral lessons.

Rituals, dances, and oral storytelling, important to Samoan culture, often include these mythological elements, preserving them across generations. Therefore, Samoan mythology remains integral to Samoa’s cultural identity and traditions.

Samoan Diaspora

Many Samoans have migrated to countries like New Zealand, Australia, and the US for better opportunities, forming the Samoan diaspora. These communities maintain Samoan traditions abroad and contribute significantly to Samoa’s economy through remittances.

The diaspora also promotes Samoan culture globally, and strong bonds remain between overseas communities and the homeland, reflecting the Samoan value of ‘aiga. Thus, the Samoan diaspora showcases the resilience and cultural pride of Samoans.

Tourism in Samoa

Tourism is vital to Samoa’s economy and development, drawing visitors to its natural beauty and cultural heritage. Attractions range from pristine beaches and rainforests to traditional village life and historical sites like the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum. Ecotourism is prominent, focusing on sustainable practices that benefit local communities. Festivals and events also attract international tourists. Tourism not only generates revenue and jobs but also promotes Samoan culture and natural heritage globally.

Can you provide more information about the geography of Samoa?

The geography of Samoa exhibits unique natural beauty in the South Pacific. The Samoan archipelago consists of ten islands, including main islands Upolu and Savai’i, covering a land area of approximately 2,842 square kilometers. Located between Hawaii and New Zealand, Samoa lies within the Polynesian region.

The islands have volcanic origins, with Savai’i featuring the highest peak, Mount Silisili, at 1,858 meters above sea level. Samoa’s topography includes rugged volcanic mountains, coral reefs, beaches, and tropical rainforests. The climate is tropical, with a wet season from November to April and a dry season between May and October. Samoa’s captivating geography contributes to its undeniable allure.

How did Samoa gain its independence from New Zealand?

Samoa’s journey to independence from New Zealand was driven by nationalism and the desire for self-governance. After being annexed by New Zealand in 1914, Samoa remained under colonial rule until post-World War II. During this period, the global decolonization movement gained momentum. The Mau movement, a grassroots political organization in Samoa, played a crucial role in advocating for self-rule and political representation.

New Zealand responded to international pressure and Samoan demands by initiating constitutional reforms in the 1940s and 1950s, which allowed for a gradual transition of power to the Samoan people. Samoa ultimately achieved independence as the Independent State of Western Samoa on January 1, 1962, becoming the first Pacific Island nation to gain independence in the post-colonial era. In 1997, the country’s name was changed to the Independent State of Samoa.

What are the official languages of Samoa?

Samoa has two official languages, Samoan and English. Samoan, the indigenous language, is widely spoken and closely tied to the nation’s identity, customs, and traditions. English, stemming from historical interactions with English-speaking countries, is primarily used in education, government, and international relations.

The presence of both languages demonstrates Samoa’s dedication to preserving its linguistic heritage while engaging in global communication and mutual understanding.

Who is the current prime minister of Samoa?

The current prime minister of Samoa is Fiame Naomi Mata’afa. She was elected in May 2021, becoming the first female prime minister in the country’s history. Prior to her election, she served as the deputy prime minister and minister of natural resources and environment.

Mata’afa is a member of the Human Rights Protection Party, but she resigned from the party in September 2020 and formed her own political party, FAST (Fa’atuatua i le Atua Samoa ua Tasi).

Can you provide more details about the Southern Cross Constellation and its significance to Samoa?

The Southern Cross, or Crux, is a significant constellation for Samoa, both practically and symbolically. Its four bright stars forming a cross shape have guided navigators on oceanic journeys for generations.

Moreover, the Southern Cross holds cultural importance, representing the connection to ancestors, spirituality, and Samoans’ place in the universe. Its presence in mythology, song, and folklore highlights its enduring role in Samoan identity and cultural heritage.

What are some traditional dances in Samoa?

Samoa’s traditional dances play a significant role in its cultural heritage. The Siva, performed by women, is a graceful dance with fluid movements that convey stories and emotions. The Fa’ataupati, a fast-paced men’s dance, involves vigorous hand-clapping and torso-slapping, symbolizing power and strength.

For special occasions, the Siva Afi, or fire knife dance showcases the performer’s skill in handling a flaming knife. These dances help preserve and share Samoan cultural values and stories across generations.

What are the popular sports in Samoa?

Popular sports in Samoa include rugby union, rugby league, and cricket. Rugby union is considered the national sport and is played at both amateur and professional levels. Samoa has a strong rugby union team that has competed in multiple Rugby World Cups.

Rugby league is also popular, with Samoa having a national team that competes in international tournaments. Cricket is another popular sport, with Samoa being a member of the International Cricket Council. Other sports played in Samoa include soccer, netball, and volleyball.

Why did Samoa skip a day in 2011 across the International Date Line?

In 2011, Samoa skipped a day to move across the International Date Line, primarily to align its time zone with key trading partners like Australia and New Zealand. The previous time difference negatively affected trade and communication. By skipping a day, Samoa reduced the time difference with Eastern Australia to three hours and with New Zealand to one hour, facilitating smoother commercial interactions and enhancing economic prospects by synchronizing working days with its trade allies.

Can you provide more information about the volcanic activity in Samoa?

Volcanic activity in Samoa has been ongoing for centuries, with the most recent eruption occurring in 2009. The islands are located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region known for its high volcanic and seismic activity.

The Samoan volcanoes are shield volcanoes, which are characterized by their broad, gently sloping shape and relatively mild eruptions. Despite their relatively low level of activity, the Samoan volcanoes still pose a potential threat to the local population and infrastructure.

What are some notable animals found in Samoa?

Samoa is home to a variety of unique and fascinating animals, including the Samoan flying fox, the Pacific boa, and the Samoan tree snail. These animals have adapted to the island’s tropical climate and diverse ecosystems, and many are found nowhere else in the world. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these species and their habitats, ensuring that future generations can continue to appreciate Samoa’s rich biodiversity.

What is the currency used in Samoa?

The currency used in Samoa is the Samoan tālā (WST). It is divided into 100 sene and is issued by the Central Bank of Samoa. The tālā has been the official currency of Samoa since 1967, replacing the New Zealand pound. It is widely accepted throughout the country and can be exchanged at banks and currency exchange offices.

What are the main agricultural products in Samoa?

Samoa’s main agricultural products include taro, bananas, coconuts, cocoa, and coffee. These crops are grown for both domestic consumption and export. Agriculture plays a significant role in Samoa’s economy and provides employment for many Samoans. The government has implemented policies to support and promote sustainable agriculture practices to ensure the continued success of the industry.

Are there any specific cultural customs or etiquette that visitors should be aware of in Samoa?

Visitors to Samoa should be aware of certain cultural customs and etiquette, such as removing shoes before entering a home or church, showing respect to elders, and dressing modestly. It is also important to ask for permission before taking photos of people or sacred sites and to avoid eating or drinking in public during the fasting period of Lent. Adhering to these customs shows respect for Samoan culture and can enhance the visitor’s experience.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Samoas?

Samoa’s tourist attractions showcase its natural beauty and rich heritage. The To Sua Ocean Trench is a popular swimming hole featuring a stunning turquoise pool. Papase’ea Sliding Rocks provide naturally-formed water slides for thrill-seekers. Pristine beaches, such as Lalomanu Beach on Upolu Island and Manase Beach on Savai’i Island, are ideal for snorkeling and relaxation.

The ancient Pulemelei Mound offers insight into Samoa’s past, while the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum highlights the author’s life and work in Samoa. These attractions cater to diverse interests, ensuring a memorable experience for visitors.

Family, Tradition, and Peace: The Heart of Samoa’s Identity

Samoa is a peaceful country. Families and tradition are very important here and extended families often live in small clusters of homes. Families share land and equipment. In addition to European explorers, European and American missionaries have made a big impact here. Samoans hold tightly to their family traditions, as well as their Christian faith.

More Fun Facts about Samoa for Kids

  • About 188,000 people live in Samoa.
  • Samoa includes 1,093 square miles of land.
  • People in Samoa speak English and Samoan.
  • Most people in Samoa are Christian — Roman Catholic, Methodists or Latter Day Saints.
  • Samoans can expect to live 69 years.
  • 100 percent of adults can read.
All about Samoa Fun Facts for Kids - National Flag of Samoa
All about Samoa Fun Facts for Kids – National Flag of Samoa

Samoa Vocabulary

  1. Scenery: the landscape
  2. Native: original settlers
  3. Peaceful: kind, mild
  4. Missionary: someone whose role is to share a religious faith

All About Samoa Video for Kids

This is the best video we found for kids to learn about Samoa:

This is a video documentary about the traditional lifestyle and culture in Samoa.

Samoa Q&A

Question: What cultural rules do Samoans follow?

Answer: In the Samoan culture, respect for elders and service to family is very important. Samoans also take religious worship seriously. Sundays are reserved for worship. Stores are closed on Sundays and families spend this time together worshiping and sharing a meal.

Map of Samoa

Here’s a map of the country of Samoa and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Samoa! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Samoa, as though you are actually there!