South Africa

All about South Africa Easy Science for Kids - Image of a South African Landscape
All about South Africa Easy Science for Kids - Image of a South African Landscape

South Africa, which lies at the bottom tip of Africa, is often called the “Rainbow Nation,” not because of its natural beauty, but because the country has so many different groups of people and languages. More than 11 official languages are spoken in South Africa, plus many regional dialects.

South Africa Facts For Kids

  • At the bottom of Africa.
  • Has 11 official languages.
  • The capital is Pretoria.
  • Famous for wildlife.
  • Has Table Mountain.
  • The currency is the rand.
  • Nelson Mandela’s home.
  • Gold and diamonds are found.
  • National flower: protea.
  • Home to penguins too!


Once notorious for Apartheid, a racially divisive policy introduced by the National Party government in 1948, South Africa’s history is significantly marked by this system, which lasted until 1994.

Apartheid lawfully segregated the population into areas designated for white individuals and separate areas for black individuals and other racial groups, prohibiting interracial cohabitation or even shared dining in public spaces.

Nelson Mandela, a prominent South African figure, endured 27 years of imprisonment for his opposition to Apartheid. His relentless pursuit of equality was instrumental in dismantling Apartheid, leading to his election as South Africa’s first Black president in 1994.

Nelson Mandela

South Africa, renowned for its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife, is also celebrated as the birthplace of one of the world’s most influential leaders, Nelson Mandela. Born in 1918, Mandela’s global reputation was shaped by his relentless struggle against apartheid, a policy enforcing racial segregation in his homeland.

His commitment to this cause led to his imprisonment for 27 years. His release in 1990 marked the continuation of his advocacy for equality and reconciliation, and in 1994, he etched his name in history by becoming South Africa’s first black president.

Mandela’s unwavering dedication to peace and justice has established him as a revered figure both in South Africa and internationally. His enduring legacy inspires individuals of all ages to champion for righteousness.

Cape Town

Cape Town, the legislative capital of South Africa, is a city teeming with interesting facts for children and a rich tapestry of diverse cultures. Nestled at the foot of the world-renowned Table Mountain, one of the world’s oldest, Cape Town offers an irresistible allure to visitors.

The city is a wildlife haven, famously housing unique species like the African penguins visible at Boulders Beach. Moreover, Cape Town’s rich historical legacy is evident in landmarks such as the Castle of Good Hope. Erected in the 17th century, it holds the title of being the oldest standing colonial building in South Africa.

Kruger National Park

As one of South Africa’s premier attractions, Kruger National Park provides an unparalleled educational adventure for children, immersing them in a vibrant ecosystem teeming with wildlife. The park, which spans an area comparable to a small country, houses an astonishing diversity of life, including over 500 bird species and nearly 150 distinct mammals.

These range from the iconic ‘Big Five’ – lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants, and buffalos – to the endangered African wild dog, a rare sight in the world today. In addition to its rich animal life, Kruger National Park is a botanical haven with around 2,000 different plant species.

Children can discover this lively biodiversity through self-drive tours or guided safari excursions, creating an unforgettable experience of Africa’s natural beauty and diversity.

Rainbow Nation

Archbishop Desmond Tutu dubbed South Africa the ‘Rainbow Nation’ post-apartheid, paying homage to its rich diversity of cultures, religions, and ethnicities. This vibrant country is a mosaic of multiple ancestries, including African tribes like the Zulu and Xhosa, people of European, Asian, and mixed heritage.

The country’s linguistic diversity resonates this cultural mix, recognizing 11 official languages that include English, Afrikaans, and Zulu. The ‘Rainbow Nation’, in its essence, captures the colorful and dynamic nature of South Africa, reflecting its multicultural tapestry.

Eleven official languages

As one of the most linguistically diverse countries globally, South Africa is an intriguing nation that boasts eleven official languages. These include Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu, each signifying a unique cultural group with its own traditions and history, reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the country.

Therefore, visitors to South Africa should anticipate experiencing a broad spectrum of languages in a single day, adding to the exceptional vibrancy of the nation.

Table Mountain

Table Mountain, an iconic South African landmark, is renowned for its distinctive flat top and striking visibility from nearly every vantage point in Cape Town. This ancient mountain, thought to be one of the world’s oldest with a formation dating back approximately 260 million years, is a captivating spot for budding naturalists.

Its rich biodiversity includes around 2,200 unique plant species, many of which are endemic to the region. The Table Mountain Cableway provides an exhilarating journey for children to the summit, offering stunning panoramas of the city and sea. Therefore, Table Mountain is not only a symbol of South Africa’s natural beauty but also a testament to its rich history and unique flora.

Mining industry

Renowned for its extensive mineral riches and robust mining industry, South Africa boasts a strong economy significantly bolstered by this sector. The country’s position as a leading global supplier of precious metals such as gold, platinum, and diamonds, in addition to base metals and coal, underscores its economic prowess.

Moreover, the mining industry is a vital employment source for South Africans and contributes immensely to the national GDP. Interestingly, Johannesburg, the largest city in South Africa, owes its establishment to a gold rush in the late 19th century. Nonetheless, the environmental implications of mining necessitate responsible resource management in the country.

Zulu culture

The Zulu culture, a renowned cultural heritage in South Africa, particularly appeals to children due to its lively traditions, including the Zulu Warrior Dance, a lively fusion of music and dance. The Zulu people are also celebrated for their exquisite beadwork and basketry, a skill passed down through generations. They inhabit grass-made huts called ‘Rondavels’.

Their native language, isiZulu, holds the majority linguistic share in South Africa, spoken by nearly a quarter of the population. A unique aspect of Zulu culture that might intrigue children is their robust storytelling tradition, which serves as a medium to relay historical events and life teachings from one generation to the next.

Wine production

South Africa is globally recognized as one of the top ten wine-producing countries, with its wine-making history tracing back to the 17th century when Dutch settlers first arrived. The ideal grape-growing climate near Cape Town has played a crucial role in this, making the region an essential hub for wine production, complete with its own popular tourist attraction, the Wine Route.

The predominant use of Chenin Blanc and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes in most South African wines contributes to the country’s production of approximately 4% of the world’s wine. South Africa’s signature variety, Pinotage, a distinct and delicious red wine grape, is particularly well-known and celebrated.

Fun Facts for Kids on South Africa - National Flag of South Africa
Fun Facts for Kids on South Africa – National Flag of South Africa

South Africa is a beautiful and diverse country, with coastal plains, grassy plains and even tall mountains. Here, you’ll find many, many animals, including aardvarks, rhinos, wild dogs, zebras, lions, cheetahs and birds and fish. The government has created reserves to protect these animals, but illegal hunting continues to endanger many of them.

All about South Africa Easy Science for Kids - South African Landscape
All about South Africa Easy Science for Kids – South African Landscape

South Africa was colonized by the British in 1806. In 1910, the British made new rules that separated the whites from the blacks. These rules were known as apartheid and they caused years of wars and fighting. The country became a republic in 1994 when Nelson Mandela was elected president. Of all the countries in Africa, South Africa is the wealthiest. People mine gold and diamonds here. However, schools and health care are still lacking and many people have AIDS.

Fun Facts about South Africa for Kids

  • 46,923,000 people live in South Africa.
  • The country has 470,693 square miles of land.
  • There are eleven official languages in South Africa, including Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.
  • The main religions include Christianity, native religious faiths, Hinduism and Islam.
  • People in South Africa can expect to live 53 years.
  • 86 percent of adults can read.
All about South Africa for Kids - Image of the South African Pretoria Zoo
All about South Africa for Kids – Image of the South African Pretoria Zoo

South Africa Vocabulary

  1. Diverse: varied
  2. Illegal: against the law
  3. Endanger: potentially causing danger
  4. Apartheid: a form of racial segregation

Learn More All About South Africa

This is the best video we found for kids to learn about South Africa:

This is a video documentary of the South African culture and tradition.

South Africa Q&A

Question: What sports do people like to play in South Africa?

Answer: People love cricket, rugby and soccer. In 2010, South Africa hosted the World Cup.

Map of South Africa

Here’s a map of the country of South Africa and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around South Africa! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of South Africa, as though you are actually there!