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British Isles


In Northwestern Europe are the British Isles, which include the United Kingdom and Ireland. The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

For many years, England ruled Ireland. England is a Protestant country, but Ireland is mostly Catholic. The people of Ireland didn’t want to be ruled by England. In 1922, the southern part of Ireland broke away. It is independent now.

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Fun Science for Kids all about the British Isles - Image of the Conwy Castle in British Isles

Image of the Conwy Castle in British Isles

Fun Facts about the British Isles for Kids

  • Ireland is known as the “Emerald Isle” because it is so green. It is green because it rains here a lot and it doesn’t get very hot. There are many farms and dairies here.
  • The northern part of England and Scotland is covered with craggy mountains.
  • The Fens of East Anglia are covered with marshlands.
  • Southern England has flat farmlands.
Kids Science Fun Facts on British Isles - Image of the Church Flatts Farm

Image of the Church Flatts Farm – This is the further most point from the sea in the British Isles

The British Isles Vocabulary

  1. Protestant: a form of Christianity
  2. Catholic: one of the oldest Christian religions
  3. Independent: free
  4. Marshland: an area covered with marshes, or swampy wetlands
Fun Earth Science Facts for Kids all about the British Isles - Image of the Ness Point

A groyne points defiantly towards Europe like a finger, marking the easternmost point of the kingdom

All About the British Isles Video for Kids

Watch this awesome British Isles video for kids:

This video shows which islands are part of the British Isles and some of its beautiful places.

The British Isles Q&A

Question: Is there really a prehistoric animal lurking in Scotland?

Answer: As glaciers melted, they created deep ravines in Scotland and Northwestern England. These ravines are now deep lakes, or lochs, as they’re called, filled with icy water. Some people believe that a giant creature resembling a dinosaur lives in the Loch Ness of Scotland.


Question: How long have people lived in the United Kingdom?

Answer: The first humans were probably the Picts, who settled there 10,000 years ago. The Celts arrived in 800 B.C., followed by the Romans, who invaded in A.D. 43.

Map of the British Isles

Here’s a map of the British Isles and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around the British Isles! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of the British Isles, as though you are actually there!


Enjoyed the Easy Earth Science for Kids Website all about the British Isles info? Take the FREE & fun all about the British Isles quiz and download the FREE all about the British Isles worksheet for kids. For lengthy info click here.



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Declan, Tobin. " British Isle Facts for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, Jan 2021. Web. 28 Jan 2021. < >.

APA Style Citation

Tobin, Declan. (2021). British Isle Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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