United Kingdom and Ireland. The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
For many years, England ruled Ireland. England is a Protestant country, but Ireland is mostly Catholic. The people of Ireland didn’t want to be ruled by England. In 1922, the southern part of Ireland broke away. It is independent now.
Fun Facts about the British Isles for Kids
- Ireland is known as the “Emerald Isle” because it is so green. It is green because it rains here a lot and it doesn’t get very hot. There are many farms and dairies here.
- The northern part of England and Scotland is covered with craggy mountains.
- The Fens of East Anglia are covered with marshlands.
- Southern England has flat farmlands.
The British Isles Vocabulary
- Protestant: a form of Christianity
- Catholic: one of the oldest Christian religions
- Independent: free
- Marshland: an area covered with marshes, or swampy wetlands
All About the British Isles Video for Kids
Watch this awesome British Isles video for kids:
This video shows which islands are part of the British Isles and some of its beautiful places.
The British Isles Q&A
Question: Is there really a prehistoric animal lurking in Scotland?
Answer: As glaciers melted, they created deep ravines in Scotland and Northwestern England. These ravines are now deep lakes, or lochs, as they’re called, filled with icy water. Some people believe that a giant creature resembling a dinosaur lives in the Loch Ness of Scotland.
Question: How long have people lived in the United Kingdom?
Answer: The first humans were probably the Picts, who settled there 10,000 years ago. The Celts arrived in 800 B.C., followed by the Romans, who invaded in A.D. 43.
Map of the British Isles
Here’s a map of the British Isles and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around the British Isles! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of the British Isles, as though you are actually there!
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