The word butterfly was first used to describe the brimstone butterfly because it was a butter coloured insect. Eventually the term came to include all the species. A butterfly is an insect with a small body. Their sizes can range from a small 1/8 inch to about a huge 12 inches. There are about 24,000 known species of butterflies.
Fun facts: –
- A butterfly’s lifecycle consists of four stages: – Egg, Caterpillar, Pupa and Adult.
- Butterflies have taste receptors on their feet. With the help of these taste receptors, they find out whether the leaf they are sitting on is good to lay eggs or not.
- They are cold blooded and need the warmth of the Sun to enable them to fly.
- Some species like the Red Admiral prefer feeding on rotting fruits and animals’ dung.
- A few species do not excrete at all because they use all they eat for energy.
- Their lifespan varies from one species to another. It ranges between 2 days to 11 months.
- Sometimes, butterflies excrete a red liquid, called pupal fluid which is often mistaken for blood. It is their waste produced during the pupal stage.
- Butterflies have transparent wings. They are made up of chitin layers, covered by tiny scales. The colour and patterns we see are just reflections.
- They have excellent eyesight, within 12-14 feet. Beyond that distance, they start having a blurry vision.
- Mostly they are found in tropical rainforests but they can easily survive in all types of climates.
- They migrate to avoid cold weather.
- Butterflies can easily attract a mate by their colours and patterns.
- They can fly up to a maximum speed of 30 mph.
- A group of butterflies is called a flutter.
- Butterflies are able to see ultraviolet lights.