The Central African Republic, or CAR, lies in the middle of Africa, bordered by Sudan, Chad, Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country is mostly grassy savannahs, but also contains dense rainforests. More forest elephants and lowland gorillas live here than almost any other place in Africa.
CAR is a very poor country. Most of the people here are farmers, growing what they need to survive. The country gained its independence from France in 1960. Since then, the government has been in chaos. People are constantly fighting over who will be in charge. In 2013, the latest president was ousted and rebels took over the capital.
- 4.65 million people live in Central African Republic.
- Bangui is the capital.
- The country has 240,535 square miles of land.
- The currency used here is the Central African CFA franc.
- French and Sangho are the two main languages.
- The main religions are Christianity, Islam and native faiths.
- The life expectancy in CAR is 50 years.
- Savannah: wide, open, grassy plains
- Dense: thick
- Survive: continue living
- Chaos: upheaval, disruption, confusion
- Oust: kick out, remove from power
Visit National Geographic to learn more about the Central African Republic.
Question: Does CAR have any resources?
Answer: The country has farmland where cotton, tobacco and coffee is grown. Thick forests are logged for timber. CAR also has mineral deposits, including diamonds. Unfortunately, corrupt leaders take much of the wealth.