India’s first Moon space probe was Chandrayaan-1 and now the country has launched its second lunar exploration mission, Chandrayaan-2. It is scheduled to launch between July 9 and 16, 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Center on Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
This mission will be sending the orbiter, lander, and rover on the lunar surface. This mission’s lander is called Vikram, named after Vikram Sarabhai who is known as the father of the Indian space programme.
Quick Facts: –
- The orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 will orbit the Moon at an altitude of 100 kilometers.
- The rover of this mission has been named as ‘Pragyan’. It weighs about 27 kilograms and operates on solar power.
- This spacecraft weighs approximately 3290 kilograms.
- The primary objective of this mission is to demonstrate the ability to soft-land on the lunar surface and operate a robotic rover on the surface.
- The same launch strategy followed for Chandrayaan-1 is being followed for Chandrayaan-2.
- This mission will be carrying a laser retro reflector array from NASA Goddard Space Center to calculate precise measurements of the Earth-Moon distance.
- The Rover and the Lander will have a life of one lunar day which means 14 earth days and the orbiter has life of one year.
- This spacecraft is targeted for a location of about 600 kilometers or 375 miles approx from the South Pole.
- It is an advance version of Chandrayaan-1. The first spacecraft only involved orbiting around the moon.
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