Edinburgh Castle is a famous royal castle in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland. It is situated on the massive Castle Rock, part of an ancient extinct volcano. This rock is estimated to have formed some 350 million years ago. This castle had remained the Scottish Royal residence until the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
Malcolm III Canmore was the first king of Scotland who made his residence on Castle Rock and Charles I was the last to inhabit the castle. It has a geographical location suitable enough to make it one of the best defended fortresses in the history of Scotland. It was used as an arsenal during the 15th century and as a prison in the 18th century and early 19th century.
Edinburgh Castle was twice captured by English invaders and retaken both the times by Scots between 1296 and 1341.
Castle at present: –
Now the castle serves as one of the biggest tourist attractions in Scotland. It is not known exactly when the castle was first built. Most of the buildings in the castle date from the 12th century to the 18th Century.
Quick Facts: –
- The castle receives approximately 1.5 million visitors per years on average.
- It is also known to be one of the most haunted spots in Scotland.
- There is a time signal called One O’Clock Gun which is fired every day at 13:00 exactly. Sunday, Good Friday and Christmas Day are three exceptions.
- The site is home to various buildings dating back to different periods in Scotland’s history.
- It is also home to St. Margaret’s Chapel which is the oldest surviving building in Scotland.
- This chapel pays tribute to Queen Margaret. She was the wife of Malcolm III Canmore.
- Evidence suggests that people settled on Castle Rock in late Bronze Age for the first time.
- The clear sign of habitation on Castle Rock were found during a dig in the 1990s.
- They found pottery, bronzes and broaches etc.
- It is believed that a map called as ‘Ptolemy’s Map’ has the first ever mention of Castle Rock.
- The castle was also used as a prison during World War I and World War II.
- From 1776 to 1781, American prisoners were held in the castle during the War of Independence.
- A converted barrack block on the north side of Crown Square is home to the Scottish National War Memorial.
- This memorial was opened on July 14, 1927 and commemorates the men who fell in World War I and II.
- There is a legend about the castle that if any student of University of Edinburgh passes through the castle gates, he / she will fail their final exams.
- During the Iron Ages, a hill fort was constructed on Castle Rock.
Question & Answers: –
Ques. Who built the Edinburgh Castle?
Ans. David I, son of Saint Margaret of Scotland
Ques. When was the city of Din Eidyn was captured by the English and renamed Edinburgh?
Ans. 638 CE
Ques. How many recorded attempts have been made to capture this castle?
Ans. Twenty three
Ques. How many castles are there in Scotland?
Ans. More than two thousand
Ques. A stained glass window in the War Memorial Room contains which symbol on it?
Ques. When was David’s Tower was destroyed?
Ans. 1573 CE
Ques. Who built the Great Hall in the castle complex?
Ans. James IV
Ques. When was this Great Hall converted into a hospital?
Ques. What are the opening timings of this castle?
Ans. It opens at 9:30 in the morning and closes at 5:00 (winter) and 6:00 (summer) in the evening.
Ques. The New Barracks which were completed in 1799, provided accommodation for how many soldiers?
Ans. 600 soldiers
Ques. When was the Half Moon Battery built?
Ans. Between 1573 and 1588
Ques. When was the Crown Square laid out?
Ans. In 15th century
Ques. When does the famous event of the Edinburgh Military Tattoo take place?
Ans. Every year in August
Ques. When was the Edinburgh Castle transformed into a military base?
Ans. In 16th century
Ques. When did Queen Margaret die and why?
Ans. She died November 16th 1093, when she received news of the death of her eldest son and husband who both died in the Battle of Alnwick.
Ques. By what name is the Laich Hall is known currently?
Ans. The King’s Dining Room
Edinburgh Castle Location: –