Equatorial Guinea

The Seasons

Equatorial Guinea is a small country in West Africa bordered by Gabon and Cameroon. The country was ruled by Spain until 1968. After gaining independence, the country has suffered years and years of rule by harsh and corrupt leaders. Many people have fled the country in search of safety for their families.

Oil was discovered in the 1990s, providing new wealth to Equatorial Guinea. Unfortunately, dishonest leaders do not share this wealth with the people. The country is one of the poorest in the world. Over half the people do not have clean drinking water. Over 20 percent of children die before they reach age five.

Fun Geography for Kids on Equatorial Guinea – Image of a crested guinea in Equatorial Guinea

Fun Facts

  • 740,000 people live in Equatorial Guinea.
  • The country has 10,830 square miles of land.
  • Spanish and French are the main languages here.
  • Christianity is the main religion.
  • The life expectancy in Equatorial Guinea is 51 years.


  1. Harsh: unkind, fierce
  2. Corrupt: dishonest
  3. Fled: to flee or leave quickly
  4. Wealth: riches, resources

Learn More

Visit the BBC to learn more about this country.

Extra Credit

Question: How is this country different from other countries in Africa?

Answer: Equatorial Guinea is the only Spanish-speaking country in Africa.