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The Seasons

Eritrea sits in northeastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea. Neighboring countries include Ethiopia and Sudan. Like other countries in this part of the world, Eritrea is dry and hot. Growing enough food to feed everyone is difficult.

Eritrea has also suffered many years of war. Britain gained control of it from 1941 to 1952. In 1962, the emperor of Ethiopia decided to conquer it, causing over 32 years of war. Ethiopia wanted control of Eritrea to gain access to the sea. Today, Eritrea is independent, but the two countries are not friendly with one another.

Fun Geography for Kids on Eritrea – Flag of a Eritrea

Fun Facts

  • 5.6 million people live in Eritrea.
  • Asmara is the capital of Eritrea.
  • The currency used is is the Eritrean nakfa.
  • The country has 45,300 square miles of land.
  • The major languages include Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, and English.
  • The major religions include Islam and Christianity.
  • The life expectancy in Eritrea is 62 years.



  1. Neighboring: bordering, sitting next to
  2. Gain: win, get
  3. Access: able to reach or use


Learn More

Visit the BBC to learn more about Eritrea.


Extra Credit

Question: What are the major industries in Eritrea?

Answer: Major industries include fishing, raising livestock and crops, such as corn and lentils, and manufacturing clothing.