Falcon is one of the consummate hunters of the avian world. They can spot, chase and kill prey quietly and efficiently. They are birds of prey and they belong to the genus ‘Falco’. Their scientific name is Falco peregrinus.
They can be found on all continents of the world except for Antarctica. They prefer to live in areas that are wide-open and thrive in coastal areas where shorebirds are abundant. Their average life span in the wild can range from 15 to 17 years.
Quick Facts: –
- Most falcon species are dark brown or grey with white, yellow and black spots and markings on the body.
- There are 40 different species of falcons that can be found throughout the world.
- The largest of all of them is the gyrfalcon which can measure up to 61 centimeters in length with a wingspan up to 130 centimeters. It can weigh up to 1.35 kilograms.
- Falcons are a fast bird. It has been clocked at reaching speeds of 242 miles per hour, that’s like a racing car.
- These birds are monogamous in nature in their reproductive years and they generally mate for life.
- They have very good night vision as they can process four types of light where humans can process only three types.
- Their eyes are also larger and heavier than human eyes which is the reason for their exceptional eyesight.
- Falcons have few natural predators because of their large size, speed and the alertness.