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Java Sea


Java Sea is an extensive and shallow sea which lies between the Indonesian Islands of Borneo, Java to south, Sumatra to West and Sulawesi to the east. It is located on the Sunda Shelf which is actually a group of islands. It was formed as the sea level rose at the end of the last ice age.

It covers an area of about 320,000 square kilometers. It is associated with World War II as well. The Battle of Java Sea took place in 1942 which was one of the costliest naval battles during World War II. Under this sea, oil and gas fields are known to exist.


Fast Facts: –

  • The maximum length of the Java Sea is 990 miles and its maximum width is 240 miles.
  • Java is the fifth largest island of Indonesia but occupies just one seventh of the total area of country.
  • The marine life of the Java sea is extremely rich and diverse. It also has an underwater garden Karimunjawa.
  • There are more than 3,000 marine life species that have been identified in these waters.
  • This is also one of the reasons why it is one of the most important waterways in the world.
  • This shallow sea has a mean depth of about 151 feet.
  • Wrecks of many ships can be found beneath the water here so it is a good area for history explorers.
  • Once the Sunda Shelf was a dry, stable and low-relief land area, with a few granite hills standing on the top of it.



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Declan, Tobin. " Facts for Kids about Java Sea ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 26 May 2020. < >.

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