Lake Huron is the second largest Great Lake and also the fifth largest freshwater lake by surface area. Located in the state of Michigan and also bordering Ontario in Canada it has a surface area of 23,000 square miles and the shoreline extending 3,827 miles which is the longest of all great lakes. On the basis of volume, it is the third largest freshwater lake in the world.
It was discovered by European explorers in 1615. The average depth of the lake is 195 feet and the maximum depth is 750 feet. The lake’s total length is 206 miles and the maximum breadth is 183 miles.
Quick Facts: –
- Lake Huron is home to about 30,000 islands and the largest of them is Manitoulin which is also the world’s largest freshwater island.
- This island can be accessed by ferry from Tobermory on the Bruce Peninsula to the south and by Swing Bridge from Little Currant to the north.
- This lake has a salt mine under it known as Goderich Mine which is the largest in the world.
- This lake receives water from both Lake Michigan and Lake Superior and the water drains through Lake Erie.
- Lake Huron and Lake Michigan are connected to each other by Straits of Mackinac. Technically, both of them are one lake.
- To date more than a thousand shipwrecks have been reported here.
- It is also home to Wasaga Beach, located along the Georgian Bay which is the longest freshwater beach in the world.
- This lake also has an underwater forest that has 7,000 year old petrified trees.
- Lake Huron is home to a large turnip shaped rock island known as Turnip Rock. It is a result of erosion by storm waves.
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