Canada – 2nd Largest Country in the World

Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids All About Canada - the National Flag of Canada
Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids All About Canada - the National Flag of Canada

Directly above the United States lies Canada, the second largest country in the world. In western Canada, you’ll find lots of lakes, forests and rugged mountains. Many native tribes live here. People fish for salmon and cut trees for lumber.

Wide, fertile plains stretch across central Canada. Here people raise cattle and grow wheat. Most of Canada’s large cities, such as Toronto and Quebec, lie in Eastern Canada, near the U.S. border, or along the eastern coast.

Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids All About Canada - the National Flag of Canada
Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids All About Canada – the National Flag of Canada

French settlers were among the first to arrive in Canada and many people in Quebec still speak French. Britain controlled Canada for a long time, so English is also spoken here. Winter sports, such as hockey, skiing and ice skating, are very popular here. In the city of Ottawa, a large canal runs through the city, surrounded by parks. During the winter, the canal freezes over, making a long ice skating rink.

Fun Facts About Canada for Kids

  • The capital city of Canada is Ottawa.
  • Justin Trudeau is the current prime minister of Canada – since 2015.
  • The area is 3,855,081 miles.
  • Canada is the second largest country in the world. Russia is the largest
  • The longest land border in the world is shared between Canada and the US – 8891 kilometers – 5525 miles.
  • Population in Canada is 37.06 million (2018).
  • English and French are the official languages of Canada.
  • 83 percent of people are Christian.
  • The government they have is multiparty democracy.
  • The Canadian dollar is the currency in Canada.
  • The main exports from Canada are: Oil, Machinery, Vehicles, Wood, Gems, Plastic.
  • The United States is Canada’s largest trading partner.
  • 99 percent of adults can read.
  • People in Canada can expect to live 82.8 years.
  • Mount Logan is the tallest mountain in Canada (5,959m).
  • The longest river in Canada is the Mackenzie River – 1738 km.
  • Canada has the worlds largest coastline 125,567 miles – 202,080 km.
  • Great Bear Lake is Canada’s largest lake.
  • Canada has a luxury of wild and exotic animals such as the Grizzly Bears, Bison, Bobcats, Polar Bears, Gray Wolf, Moose and many more.


Canada Vocabulary

  1. Rugged: rough, sturdy
  2. Fertile: plentiful
  3. Canal: man-made stream or river

All About Canada Video for Kids

Here’s a great video for kids on Canada:

Canada Q&A

Question: Does Great Britain still control Canada?

Answer: Canada is an independent state of Great Britain. It recognizes the British monarch as its head. An elected federal government, including a parliament and prime minister, makes Canada’s laws.

Map of Canada

Here’s a map of the country of Canada and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Canada! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Canada, as though you are actually there!


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