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Fun Facts for Kids on the Russian Federation - Image of the Russian Historical Museum in Moscow
Fun Facts for Kids on the Russian Federation - Image of the Russian Historical Museum in Moscow

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is the largest country on Earth, stretching across both Europe and Asia. Russia spans 11 time zones and is surrounded by the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. Much of the country is cold, harsh and desolate. Few people live in these areas. However, Russia does have fertile farmland, natural resources and mineral deposits.

Russian Federation Facts For Kids

  • Russia is the largest country.
  • It spans 11 time zones.
  • The ruble is the currency.
  • Moscow is the capital.
  • Bears are a symbol.
  • They sent the first man to space.
  • Siberia is very cold.
  • They celebrate New Year grandly.
  • Matryoshka dolls are famous.
  • They love tea and chess.

Vladimir Putin

As the largest country in the world, the Russian Federation has been under the stern and notable leadership of Vladimir Putin for many years, a man who has served in the roles of both President and Prime Minister.

Having previously worked as an intelligence officer in the KGB, the primary security agency of the former Soviet Union, Putin has significantly influenced the modern state of Russia. Not only does he possess fluency in German and a black belt in judo, but he is also a highly respected figure within his country.

Despite his controversial standing in global politics, Putin has been commended for restoring stability in Russia following the chaotic aftermath of the Soviet Union’s dissolution.


Siberia, located in the Russian Federation, captivates children’s interest with its unique landscape and characteristics. It constitutes a whopping 77% of Russia’s territory, yet only houses about 40% of the nation’s populace due to its intensely cold climate, with winter temperatures plummeting to a chilling -68 degrees Celsius.

Additionally, Siberia boasts the world’s largest forest, the Taiga, and the deepest lake, Lake Baikal. Even amidst these tough conditions, a variety of distinctive wildlife, including the Siberian tiger and the snow leopard, thrive in this region.

Russian language

The Russian Federation, often referred to as Russia, is the cradle of the Russian language, one of the globe’s most frequently spoken tongues. This language, which serves as the official language of Russia, also enjoys widespread usage in various Eastern European and Central Asian countries.

As the most spoken Slavic language, it holds the title of the largest native language in Europe, and it even ranks among the six official languages of the United Nations. Interestingly, the Cyrillic alphabet, utilized in written Russian, comprises 33 letters, a feature that might appear peculiar to English-speaking children.

Nonetheless, this distinction makes learning Russian an intriguing and enjoyable challenge for youngsters with an affinity for foreign languages and cultures.

Soviet Union

The Russian Federation, colloquially known as Russia, is recognized as the world’s largest country in terms of landmass. Its history is deeply rooted in its time as part of the Soviet Union, a potent conglomerate of nations under Russia’s leadership that functioned from 1922 to 1991.

The Soviet Union, alongside the United States, was considered a global superpower during its existence, recognized for its potent military and significant influence over international politics. Despite the Soviet Union’s dissolution in 1991, its historical significance still profoundly impacts Russia’s current cultural, political, and economic landscape. Russia stands today as an independent nation, its identity shaped by its past.

Russian culture

The Russian Federation, colloquially known as Russia, is a cultural cornucopia with a history that stretches back millennia. As the globe’s largest country, Russia proudly showcases its distinctive customs across various artistic fields including music, dance, literature, and visual arts.

A cornerstone of their cultural education, Russian children are commonly taught to play traditional musical instruments like the balalaika or accordion from their early years. The world-famous Bolshoi Ballet underscores the nation’s deep-rooted appreciation for ballet, a pivotal aspect of their culture. Russia’s contribution to literature is globally recognized, boasting classic authors such as Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky.

The Russian language, ranking among the top five most commonly spoken languages worldwide, is a testament to their cultural influence. Even their culinary traditions, featuring dishes like borscht soup and blinis, play a significant role in defining their unique cultural identity.


As the world’s largest country in terms of land area, the Russian Federation, commonly known as Russia, boasts the bustling city of Moscow as its capital. Moscow, one of the world’s most populous cities, serves not only as Russia’s political nucleus but also as its cultural, economic, and educational cornerstone.

The city’s historical heart is the Kremlin, a fortified complex that houses the Russian President’s residence. In addition, the globally recognized Red Square is another prominent feature of Moscow. The city’s unique beauty is underscored by architectural marvels like the St. Basil’s Cathedral and its effective metro system.

Moscow is also home to numerous museums, libraries, and theaters, including the illustrious Bolshoi Theatre. Despite its typically cold weather, Moscow exudes warmth and abounds in history, making it a fascinating place for children to explore and learn about.

Russian economy

The Russian Federation boasts one of the world’s largest economies, heavily anchored in its abundant natural resources such as oil, gas, coal, and metals. As one of the globe’s top oil producers and the most significant exporter of natural gas, Russia’s resource-rich economy plays a pivotal role on the global stage.

In addition to its energy sector, it has a substantial agricultural industry, with key products including wheat and barley. However, the economy is not without its challenges, including corruption and economic inequality. There exists a stark contrast between the wealth and modernity of urban areas like Moscow and St. Petersburg and the poverty that persists in many rural regions.


The Russian Federation, colloquially known as Russia, earns the title of the world’s largest country by covering over an eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land. A notable facet of its present geopolitical landscape is its connection with the Crimean Peninsula, situated on the Black Sea’s northern coast.

The year 2014 marked a controversial point in Russia’s modern history when it annexed Crimea from Ukraine. This action, despite not being recognized by numerous international bodies, led to Russia’s control over the territory.

However, several nations continue to perceive Crimea as a part of Ukraine, adding a complex layer to the understanding of Russia’s contemporary history and geopolitical relationships.

Russian military

The Russian Federation is globally recognized for its potent military forces, characterized by a large cache of sophisticated weaponry and skilled soldiers. The military’s structure is divided into four primary sections, namely the Russian Ground Forces, the Russian Navy, the Russian Aerospace Forces, and the Strategic Missile Troops.

These divisions also oversee two of Russia’s spaceports, which serve as hubs for scientific research and space exploration. Furthermore, the Russian military contributes to global peacekeeping missions, demonstrating its multifaceted role.

Its significant impact extends beyond warfare, as it is deeply interwoven into Russia’s cultural and historical fabric. This is evident in popular Russian media, with numerous movies, songs, and books celebrating the heroic acts of its soldiers.

Trans-Siberian Railway

The Trans-Siberian Railway, a remarkable testimony to human engineering and persistence, boasts the title of the world’s longest railway line, spanning an impressive 9,289 kilometers from Moscow to Vladivostok. Established between 1891 and 1916, it continues to serve as a vital artery for the Russian Federation, facilitating the transportation of both people and goods across the vast landscape.

The week-long journey it offers is nothing short of spectacular, crossing eight time zones, 16 rivers, and some of the most remote yet stunning regions of the planet. This monumental railway line not only stands as a significant component of Russia’s history and contemporary infrastructure but also offers a vivid demonstration of the country’s colossal size and geographical diversity.

Therefore, traveling on the Trans-Siberian Railway is more than a mere journey; it’s an immersion into a crucial aspect of Russia’s national identity.


Fun Facts for Kids on the Russian Federation - Image of the Russian Historical Museum in Moscow
Fun Facts for Kids all about the Russian Federation – Image of the Russian Historical Museum in Moscow

For most of the 20th century, Russia was the seat of the communist state. Known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), its power extended throughout Eastern Europe and parts of Asia. In 1991, communism collapsed and several states within the USSR declared independence. These states are now independent countries. Russia – and the newly formed countries – is slowly moving toward Westernized democracy. The process has not been easy.

All about the Russian Federation Easy Science for Kids - National Flag of the Russian Federation
All about the Russian Federation Easy Science for Kids – National Flag of the Russian Federation

Fun Facts All About the Russian Federation for Kids

  • The Russian countryside is so large that it includes many types of terrain, including deserts, forests and frozen tundra. Siberia, which covers three-fourths of the country, is a cold forested area.
  • Vladimir Putin is the current president of Russia (data taken June 2018)
  • Over 143,000,000 people live in Russia (Data taken 2018)
  • The Russian Ruble is the currency used in Russia.
  • Russia is home to many kinds of animals, including bears, seals, reindeer and Siberian tigers, the world’s largest tiger.
  • The tallest mountain in Russia is Mount Elbrus, standing at 5,642 m. In fact Mount Elbrus is the tallest mountain in Europe.
  • The longest river in Russia is the river Lena, flowing for 4,294 km.
  • Based in southern Siberia, Lake Baikal is not only the largest freshwater lake in Russia, it is the largest freshwater lake in the world
  • Russia was first settled by Scandinavians around 500 A.D. The country has a long history and is known for its poets, writers and artists. The Russian Ballet is known worldwide.
  • Russia shares the longest geographical land border on earth with Kazakhstan.
  • During the years of communist rule, all businesses and farms were owned by the government. Organized religious worship was illegal, and newspapers and media were not allowed free speech.
  • Today, the Russian Orthodox Church has reopened monasteries and churches across the country.
  • Russians are struggling to earn a living in the new economy. Crime is a big problem and many people are angry and suspicious.
  • Thousands of Russian men were killed during World War II, and today, there are still more women than men. Women work in factories, drive trains or become doctors, dentists and teachers.
  • Based on 2018 information taken from the US EIA (Energy Information Administration) Russia produces 11.2 barrels of oil per day. Only the United States and Saudi Arabia produce more.
All about the Russian Federation Fun Facts for Kids - Image of the Russian Moscow Fountain
All about the Russian Federation Fun Facts for Kids – Image of the Russian Moscow Fountain

The Russian Federation Vocabulary

  1. Communism: a form of government in which all property is owned by the government. People work according to their skills and are given only what they need.
  2. Organized religious worship: public religious worship at churches and synagogues
  3. Illegal: against the law
  4. Suspicious: distrustful

Learn More All About the Russian Federation

Watch this awesome video all about the Russian Federation video for kids:

This is a graphic visual aid of the history of Russia.

The Russian Federation Q&A

Question: What are the main foods in Russia?

Answer: In the past, people ate mostly potatoes, grain, oil and sugar, which aren’t very healthy. Vodka – a type of alcohol – is a favorite drink. Today, people can buy more fresh fruits and vegetables.

Map of the Russian Federation

Here’s a map of the country of the Russian Federation and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around the Russian Federation! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of the Russian Federation, as though you are actually there!


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