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Lake Michigan


Lake Michigan is the third largest Great Lake on the basis of surface water. Its water surface is approximately 22,300 square miles. On the basis of volume, it is the second largest Great Lake as it has 1,180 cubic miles of water. It is also the only Great Lake which is entirely located in the United States.

The name has been derived from the Ojibwa Indian word mishigami which means large lake. Lake Michigan and Lake Huron are connected by the Straits of Mackinac which is a 4 to 5 mile wide channel.


Quick Facts: –

  • Lake Michigan is the sixth largest freshwater lake in the world.
  • The average depth of this lake is 279 feet and the maximum depth is approximately 923 feet.
  • The drainage basin of the lake covers an area of around 45,500 square miles.
  • The lake is shared by four states which are Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana and Michigan.
  • It measures 118 miles in width and 307 miles in length.
  • The lake is home to a wide range of bird populations, including water birds such as ducks, geese and swans etc.
  • The lake was discovered by the French explorer Jean Nicolet in 1634, approximately 400 years ago.
  • It is known to contain the largest collection of freshwater sand dunes in the world.
  • In 2008, a swimmer named Jim Dryer swam the entire length of this lake which is 307 miles.



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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Facts for Kids about Lake Michigan ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 25 May 2020. < >.

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Tobin, Declan. (2020). Fun Facts for Kids about Lake Michigan. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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