Lake Urmia is the largest lake in the Middle East and the second largest saltwater lake on earth covering an area that varies from 2,000 to 2,300 square miles. This lake is located between East and West Azerbaijan Provinces in northwest Iran.
The lake is remarkable for its extreme salinity level which is more than 300 grams/liter. The Sodium and Chloride concentrations of the lake’s water are four times the concentration of natural saltwater. The main salts are sodium, chloride and sulphate.
Quick Facts: –
- The Lake Urmia and its wetlands have been declared as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1976.
- The lake and the area around Urmia were declared as a Ramsar Site in 1971.
- There are more than 100 islands in the lake. Bard and Shahi are largest of all.
- The basin of this lake is surrounded by mountains in the west and north, by plateaus in the south, and by plateaus and volcanic cones in the east.
- It is only a few tens of meters deep even at high water. The maximum depth of the lake is 53 feet.
- The lake’s surface area naturally varies to some extent between wet and dry seasons.
- This lake was once one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the entire world.
- Lake Urmia is located 4,183 feet above sea level.
- The earliest mention of this lake dates back to the 9th century BC, in Assyrian records.
- The lake does not have any outflows and evaporation is the only way through which it loses some water.
Cite This Page
You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples:
MLA Style Citation
Declan, Tobin. " Facts about Lake Urmia for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 27 May 2020. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/lake-urmia/ >.
APA Style Citation
Tobin, Declan. (2020). Facts about Lake Urmia for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/lake-urmia/
We've recently added
- How To Build a Winogradsky Column and Learn About Soil Science
- Potato Light Bulb Experiment
- How To Use Friction to Pick Up Bottle of Rice
- How To Make Popcorn Dance
- Vinegar and Baking Soda Fire Extinguisher
- Power of Bleach
- Comparing Surface Tension of Liquids with Pennies
- Ice Cream Chemistry
- Using Distillation to Purify Water
- Filter Water with Dirt
- Build a Balloon Barometer
- Build Your Very Own Seismograph
Sponsored Links :