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Euphrates River


Euphrates River is the longest and one of the most important rivers of Western Asia. This river is measured to be 2,740 kilometers long. This river was formed by the confluence of the Kara River and the Murad River.

The major tributary of this river is the Khabur River which originates in south-eastern Turkey. The area around the Euphrates River is known as Mesopotamia. The Balikh River joins the Euphrates in eastern Syria.


Quick Facts: –

  • More than fifty different species of fishes live in the Euphrates River.
  • Much of the river’s water comes from melting snow and rainfall.
  • The general climate of this area is subtropical, hot, and arid. The drainage basin of the river covers around 193,000 square miles.
  • The volume of water in the river is high during the months of April and May.
  • This river was part of the “Silk Road,” a trade route which passed through Central Asia and Mesopotamia.
  • The valley of the river was home to the wild boar, gray wolf, golden jackal, red fox, leopard, and lions.
  • In ancient times, this valley was heavily irrigated and many great ancient cities were lined with its banks.
  • This river is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia, along with the Tigris River.
  • It was called Id-Ugina by the ancient Sumerians and Purattu by the Babylonians and Assyrians.



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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Euphrates River Facts for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 27 May 2020. < >.

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Tobin, Declan. (2020). Fun Euphrates River Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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