Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids on Syria - National Flag of Syria - Syria Worksheet
Earth Science Fun Facts for Kids on Syria - National Flag of Syria

Syria is a country located in the Middle East. It has a rich history dating back thousands of years and is known for its ancient ruins, such as the city of Palmyra. The country has been embroiled in a civil war since 2011, resulting in widespread destruction and displacement of its population. The conflict has had a devastating impact on the country’s economy and infrastructure.

Syria Facts For Kids

  • Syria is in the Middle East.
  • Official language is Arabic.
  • Founded in 1946, post-French rule.
  • Capital city is Damascus.
  • Damascus, one of oldest cities.
  • Population: 17M+ (pre-war estimate).
  • Predominant religion is Islam.
  • Suffered a civil war since 2011.
  • Rich in historic, ancient sites.
  • Golan Heights, disputed area.

Middle East

The Syrian Arab Republic, commonly known as Syria, is a fascinating Middle Eastern country enriched with a diverse and extensive historical background. Slightly larger than North Dakota, Syria is strategically located with Turkey bordering to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Lebanon and Israel to the west.

Among its notable features is the city of Damascus, one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The cultural heritage of Syria is a unique blend of ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic civilizations. Despite its rich history, Syria has been in the throes of a major conflict since 2011, profoundly affecting its people and infrastructure.

Nevertheless, the indomitable spirit of the Syrian people shines through as they remain resilient and hopeful for a future of peace.

Syrian Civil War

Initiated in 2011, the Syrian Civil War has gravely affected the lives of Syrian children. What originated as a peaceful demonstration against the administration eventually escalated into a devastating civil war.

This led to considerable human and property loss, compelling numerous Syrians to abandon their homes. For children, this translates into leaving their schools, friends, and in some instances, their families.

Over 2.5 million Syrian children have been displaced according to UNICEF, with many enduring harsh conditions in refugee camps. The war has not only disrupted their education but also exposed them to violence and trauma, making it an extraordinarily challenging period for Syrian children.

Syrian Geography

The Syrian Arab Republic, more commonly known as Syria, is a Middle Eastern country nestled between Lebanon and Turkey along the Mediterranean Sea. Slightly larger than North Dakota, it spans a total area of approximately 185,180 square kilometers.

The geographical diversity of Syria is vast, encompassing western coastal plains along the Mediterranean, a series of ascending mountain ranges and plateaus towards the east, and culminating in a desert region.

The nation’s highest peak is Mount Hermon, standing tall at 2,814 meters. Syria’s landscape is dissected by the Euphrates, its most significant river, coursing from northwest to southeast. This rich geographical tapestry, featuring deserts, mountains, and fertile plains, has profoundly shaped the nation’s vibrant history and diverse culture.

Syrian Culture

Syrian culture, a vibrant and diverse tapestry woven over millennia, is rich in traditions that fascinate children with its welcoming hospitality, tantalizing cuisine, lively music, and vibrant dance. The traditional Syrian music, created with ancient instruments like the oud, a stringed instrument, and the tabla, a drum-like instrument, underscores the country’s cultural depth.

The nation’s folk dances, especially the celebratory Dabke, are equally famous. Besides music and dance, storytelling is a cherished Syrian tradition, with generations maintaining the continuity of folk tales.

The country also has a robust tradition in arts and crafts, producing exquisite handcrafted items, including pottery, textiles, and glasswork. Despite the prevailing conflict, these cultural practices continue to flourish, serving as a beacon of pride and resilience for Syrians.

Syrian History

Situated in the Middle East, Syria proudly carries a rich history that extends back thousands of years, making it among the world’s oldest inhabited regions. Human existence in this area, as evidenced through archeological findings, dates back to as far as 500,000 BC.

Ancient Syria served as an early civilization cradle, housing various dominant empires such as the Assyrians and Romans. It also played a crucial role in the Silk Road, a notable trade route bridging the East and West.

The capital of Syria, Damascus, is touted as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. After gaining independence from French rule in 1946, Syria has undergone numerous political and social transformations in its more recent history.

Syrian Government

Operating as a semi-presidential republic, the Syrian government, which has been in control since July 2000 under current president Bashar al-Assad, is structured with a president, a prime minister, and a cabinet that are held accountable to the state legislature.

This system, composed of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, bears similarities to many other countries. However, the Syrian political and social structure has been significantly impacted by a civil war that has been ongoing since 2011.

Despite the devastating conflict, the Syrian government continues to function, maintaining control over specific regions within the country.

Syrian Refugees

Situated in the Middle East, Syria has been embroiled in a catastrophic civil war since 2011, subsequently precipitating an acute refugee crisis. A refugee refers to an individual compelled to escape their domicile due to perilous or inhospitable conditions.

This crisis has affected millions of Syrians, including children who have been forced to evacuate their homes and seek refuge elsewhere. Presently, in 2021, the crisis has escalated to over 6.6 million Syrian refugees dispersed globally, marking it as the most substantial refugee crisis in today’s world.

These refugees often grapple with difficult living conditions, deprived of fundamental necessities such as adequate housing, food, and education. Understanding this issue is crucial for children as it cultivates empathy and fosters a broader comprehension of global affairs.

Syrian Crisis

Commencing in 2011, the Syrian Crisis, also referred to as the Syrian Civil War, has unfortunately inflicted tremendous suffering on the Syrian population, notably the children. Initially, the conflict began as a peaceful demonstration against the government but rapidly grew into an intense, full-blown conflict.

The war’s severe repercussions have led to the destruction of numerous educational institutions, depriving Syrian children of their fundamental right to education. Furthermore, compelling many to abandon their homes and seek refuge in foreign territories. Despite the daunting circumstances, these children exhibit extraordinary resilience, clinging to their aspirations for an improved future.

Understanding and acknowledging this crisis is crucial as it underscores the inherent significance of peace and every child’s entitlement to a secure, nurturing habitat.

Syrian Conflict

The Syrian Conflict, also recognized as the Syrian Civil War, is a convoluted and protracted war that has been raging in the Middle Eastern country since March 2011. It commenced as a series of peaceful protests against the governing body, which rapidly escalated into a violent and devastating conflict, resulting in massive destruction and significant loss of life.

As a historically and culturally rich nation, the war has inflicted severe damage on Syria’s invaluable heritage. The war’s aftermath has seen over 11 million Syrians, many of them children, being compelled to abandon their homes, schools, and friends, leading to a massive refugee crisis.

Despite the adversity, Syrian children are celebrated for their unyielding resilience and an enduring hope for a brighter future.

Syrian Cities

Situated in the Middle East, Syria is renowned for its captivating cities that are rich in history and culture, potentially appealing to the curiosity of children. Damascus, its capital, holds the distinction of being one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, with historical evidence suggesting human settlements dating back at least 11,000 years.

Equally important is Aleppo, another Syrian city, historically remembered as a vibrant center on the Silk Road. Cities like Homs, Latakia, and Hama further contribute to the country’s cultural and historical wealth with their unique characteristics.

Despite recent conflicts, these cities stand as enduring symbols of Syria’s diverse and compelling history.


Earth Science Fun Facts all about Syria - National Flag of Syria
Earth Science Fun Facts all about Syria – National Flag of Syria

This is the current situation in Syria, an ancient country in western Asia. Syria is bordered by Lebanon, Israel, Turkey, Iraq and Jordan. It was first invaded by the Egyptians in 1500 B.C., followed by the Hebrews, Assyrians, Chaldeans and Persians. Later, it became part of the Roman Empire, followed by the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, France was given control of Syria, which caused more fighting.

In 1961, Syria claimed independence from France. In 1970, Hafez al-Assad took power. His family has controlled Syria ever since. The country has continued to have conflicts internally, as well as with other countries, such as Israel and Lebanon. No wonder people living there are tired of fighting! The country is currently at civil war and more than 100,000 people have been killed.

All about Syria Easy Science for Kids - Image of a Syrian Soldier
All about Syria Easy Science for Kids – Image of a Syrian Soldier

Fun Facts about Syria for Kids

  • More than 18,389,000 people live in Syria, although many people have fled the country in recent years.
  • Syria has 71,498 square miles of land. Most of the land is either coastal lowlands, low hills or desert.
  • Damascus, the capital of Syria, is the oldest continuously lived-in city in the world.
  • Most people in Syria are Muslim. A few are Jewish or Christian.
  • People in Syria speak Arabic, Armenian, Kurdish, Circassian, Kurdish, French and English.
  • People in Syria can expect to live to be 70 years old.
  • 77 percent of adults can read.
Easy Geography for Kids on Syria - Damascus, the Capital of Syria
Easy Geography for Kids on Syria – Damascus, the Capital of Syria

Syria Vocabulary

  1. Harsh: fierce, rough, unkind
  2. Arrest: taken by the police
  3. Internal: inside, within
  4. Civil war: war within a country where members of one country fight against each other

All About Syria Video for Kids

Check out this cool video about Syria for kids:

This is a video showcasing the culture and wonderful heritage sites in Syria.

Syria Q&A

Question: What is life in Syria like for children?

Answer: As of September 2013, over 1 million children have become refuges. They have fled the country and live in tents or makeshift shelters with other people. Conditions are crowded. They don’t go to school and they often don’t have enough to eat. Many children have died in the war.

Map of Syria

Here’s a map of the country of Syria and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Syria! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Syria, as though you are actually there!


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