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Lebanon

Kids Science Fun Facts on Lebanon - Image of Lebanon Cedar Forest
Kids Science Fun Facts on Lebanon - Image of Lebanon Cedar Forest

Lebanon is a tiny country in the Middle East that borders Syria and Israel. People first built villages in Lebanon more than 7,000 years ago. The country has been plagued by wars – most of them over religion. After Christ’s death, a monk named Maron built a monastery in the hills of Lebanon to escape persecution from the Roman officials. Here, he and the other monks spread Christianity throughout Lebanon and through many parts of the Middle East. When Muslim Arabs invaded Lebanon, they converted most people to Islam.

Lebanon Facts For Kids

  • Located in the Middle East.
  • Capital: Beirut.
  • Official language: Arabic.
  • Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP).
  • Ancient history: Home to Phoenicians.
  • Famous for cedar trees.
  • Renowned for its cuisine (e.g., hummus).
  • Diverse religious groups coexist.
  • Has the highest altitude ski resort in the Middle East.
  • World’s oldest continuously inhabited city: Byblos.

Lebanese Culture and Traditions

Lebanon, a modestly sized yet vibrant country in the Middle East, is renowned for its rich heritage, which encapsulates a dynamic fusion of Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and French influences. This cultural amalgamation is prominently displayed in their diverse culinary traditions, which include globally celebrated dishes such as Hummus, Falafel, and Shawarma.

Additionally, Lebanese culture places a significant emphasis on music and dance, with the traditional Dabke often performed at various celebrations and gatherings. Beyond these cultural aspects, Lebanese people are also characterized by their noteworthy hospitality and generosity, always prepared to embrace visitors with warmth.

Lebanon’s rich historical and architectural landscape, featuring sites like the Roman ruins in Baalbek and the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos, adds to the country’s allure. Therefore, Lebanon emerges not merely as a land of natural splendor, but also as a hub of culture, tradition, and history.

Lebanese Cuisine

Lebanese cuisine, a captivating element of Lebanese culture, would certainly intrigue children with its rich blend of Mediterranean, Arab, and Ottoman influences. This culinary tradition is primarily based on a range of fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains, making it not only delectable but also healthful with its focus on whole grains, lean proteins, and fresh produce.

The national dish, Kibbeh, a scrumptious pie made from minced meat and bulgur wheat, is a staple, as are popular dishes like hummus, a chickpea-based dip or spread, and tabbouleh, a salad comprising parsley, tomatoes, and bulgur.

Pita bread is another common component of meals. What’s more, the vibrant street food scene in Lebanon offers delights such as falafel and shawarma, favourites among people of all ages, thus further enriching this fascinating gastronomic landscape.

Geography of Lebanon

Situated in the Middle East, Lebanon is a petite yet geographically diverse country that offers children an intriguing learning experience. It is nestled between Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south, with the Mediterranean Sea gracing its west.

Lebanon’s small stature belies a spectacular range of landscapes, including the Lebanon Mountains, which are blanketed in snow during winter and run parallel to the western coast. In contrast, the fertile Bekaa Valley, a significant agricultural hub, is nestled between these mountains and the Anti-Lebanon range to the east.

The country’s Mediterranean coast, where the capital city, Beirut, is located on a peninsula, is adorned with picturesque sandy beaches and rugged cliffs.

History of Lebanon

Lebanon, with a complex and rich history stretching back thousands of years, is one of the world’s oldest nations, tracing human settlements back to 7,000 BC. This country, located in the Mediterranean, became the home of the Phoenicians, a seafaring civilization that established a widespread trade network around 3,500 BC.

Over the centuries, Lebanon fell under the dominion of a succession of empires, ranging from the Romans to the Byzantines, and finally the Ottomans. In 1943, Lebanon achieved independence from French rule, and has since been working tirelessly to maintain harmony among its diverse religious and ethnic demographics.

This extensive historical context significantly contributes to Lebanon’s vibrant culture and heritage, offering a captivating learning opportunity for children.

Lebanese Language (primarily Arabic)

Lebanon, a country celebrated for its rich culture and historical depth, is predominantly Arabic-speaking, with Arabic being the official national language. However, the Lebanese have a unique approach to this language, often communicating in a distinct dialect known as Lebanese Arabic.

This dialect is a fascinating amalgamation of Arabic, French, English, and even Turkish. A common linguistic practice in Lebanon is ‘code-switching’, where individuals seamlessly transition between these languages within a single conversation.

This practice is not the only evidence of linguistic diversity in Lebanon; French is widely spoken due to historical connections with France, and English has found common use in business and educational contexts. This medley of languages contributes significantly to Lebanon’s vibrant, multicultural identity, introducing an element of intrigue for children learning about the country.

Ethnic and Religious Groups in Lebanon

Lebanon, a captivating nation celebrated for its cultural diversity, serves as a melting pot for an array of ethnic and religious groups that form a vibrant mosaic of traditions. The country’s population is predominantly Arab, with significant Armenian, Kurdish, and other minorities.

Religious demographics are nearly equally divided between Christians and Muslims, making Lebanon the only Middle Eastern country without a majority religion. This unique blend results in a broad spectrum of religious celebrations observed throughout the year, signifying the nation’s dedication to religious freedom and diversity.

Notably, Lebanon is among the few Middle Eastern countries that officially recognize and celebrate a variety of religious holidays such as Christmas, Easter, and Ramadan, further emphasizing its commitment to cultural plurality.

Politics and Government of Lebanon

Lebanon’s political structure is distinctively intricate, devised to guarantee representation for its various religious factions. The country functions as a parliamentary democratic republic, wherein the different religious sects take on key roles.

The head of state, the President, is required to be a Maritnite Christian, while the head of government, the Prime Minister, must be a Sunni Muslim. The Parliament’s Speaker position is reserved for a Shia Muslim. This arrangement seeks to uphold a power equilibrium among Lebanon’s main religious groups.

The government comprises 128 parliamentary seats, split evenly between Christians and Muslims. Although this system aims to ensure representation, its complexity can sometimes result in political paralysis.

Economy of Lebanon

With a diverse economy, Lebanon draws its GDP from a range of sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services, despite its lack of significant natural resources. The country’s distinctive strength lies in its robust banking system and thriving tourism industry, earning it the nickname ‘Switzerland of the East.’

However, Lebanon is not exempt from economic hurdles, grappling with high debt levels and political instability that could potentially hinder its economic growth. Nevertheless, the Lebanese people are renowned for their resilience and entrepreneurial spirit, which underpins the nation’s economic dynamism.

Lebanese Civil War

The Lebanese Civil War, a profound historical event spanning from 1975 to 1990, deeply impacted Lebanon’s societal, economic, and infrastructural dimensions. The conflict’s complexity was heightened by the involvement of diverse religious and political factions, including Christians, Muslims, Palestinians, and others.

With a staggering death toll approximated at 120,000 and innumerable individuals driven from their homes, the war inflicted severe damage on Lebanon. Yet, throughout this tumultuous era, the Lebanese populace demonstrated remarkable resilience and unity. Today, Lebanon has regained peace and is steadfastly engaged in the process of reconstructing and recuperating from the war’s profound impacts.

It’s crucial for younger generations to comprehend this critical chapter in Lebanon’s historical narrative, given its significant influence on shaping the nation’s current state and future trajectory.

Tourism in Lebanon

Located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon is an enticing Middle Eastern destination, especially for young explorers. Renowned for its rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes, this small country is a hot spot for family tourism.

The capital, Beirut, mirrors the vibrancy of ‘Paris of the Middle East’ with its lively nightlife, exquisite cuisine, and striking architecture. Children will find joy in visiting the ancient Roman ruins in Baalbek, marveling at the enigmatic Jeita Grotto caves, or skiing in the snow-capped mountains of Faraya.

Lebanon is also home to Byblos, the world’s oldest continually inhabited city, which unfolds narratives of history stretching back millennia. With its unique harmony of modernity and antiquity, Lebanon promises an unforgettable and educational journey for both children and adults.

All about Lebanon Fun Geography Facts for Kids - Image of the Temple of Adonis Ruins in Faqra Lebanon
All about Lebanon Fun Geography Facts for Kids – Image of the Temple of Adonis Ruins in Faqra Lebanon

In the 11th century, knights from Europe were sent by the Pope to reconvert the Middle East to Christianity, which resulted in more wars over religion. During the late 20th century, Christian and Muslim groups fought a civil war in Lebanon. Today, the country is still plagued with violence because the civil war in Syria sometimes comes into Lebanon.

Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate. Summers are warm and dry, while winters are cool and rainy. The country has mountains, hills, coastal plains and deserts.

Kids Science Fun Facts on Lebanon - Image of Lebanon Cedar Forest
Kids Science Fun Facts on Lebanon – Image of Lebanon Cedar Forest

Fun Facts about Lebanon for Kids

  • 3,779,000 people live in Lebanon.
  • The capital of Lebanon is Beirut.
  • Lebanon has 4,036 square miles of land.
  • People here speak Arabic, French, English and Armenian.
  • Most people living here are Muslim, but up to 40 percent are Christian.
  • People in Lebanon can expect to live to be 79 years old.
  • 87 percent of adults in Lebanon can read.
Fun Geography for Kids on Lebanon - National Flag of Lebanon
Fun Geography for Kids on Lebanon – National Flag of Lebanon

Lebanon Vocabulary

  1. Village: small settlement
  2. Plagued: seriously bothered
  3. Monk: religious priest and scholar
  4. Convert: join a specific religion

All About Lebanon Video for Kids

Here’s a great video for kids on Lebanon:

This video is all about the history of Lebanon, the conflicts and the civil wars. Present-day Lebanon is a cosmopolitan center for many nations and cultures.

Lebanon Q&A

Question: Do children go to school in Lebanon?

Answer: Yes, Lebanon has very good schools. Children here excel at math and science.

Map of Lebanon

Here’s a map of the country of Lebanon and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Lebanon! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Lebanon, as though you are actually there!