Machu Picchu is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Peru. It is made up of more than 150 buildings ranging from baths to houses, temples to sanctuaries. It is located in the Andes Mountains, more than 7,000 feet above sea level.
It was built around 1450 AD and is now designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The most popular way to approach the site is the Inca Trail Trek which is 26 miles long. Each year, there is a race organized along the trail. The current record is 3 hours 26 minutes.
Fast Facts: –
- It is believed that no wheels were used to transport those heavy rocks for the construction.
- Hiram Bingham was the first Westerner credited with introducing Machu Picchu to the outside world in 1911.
- It was originally built as an estate for Pachacuti, an Incan Emperor. It is also known as the Lost City of the Incas.
- There is a belief that in 1867, a German businessman discovered Machu Picchu and removed all the artefacts.
- In 2007, it was voted as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
- In the Quechua Indian language the term ‘Machu Picchu’ means ‘Old Peak’.
- The compound contains 100 separate flights of stairs.
- It was once used as an astronomical observatory and the Intihuatana Stone accurately indicates two equinoxes.
- There are specific rules of the entrance at the ruins themselves.
- In 1981, it was named a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary.
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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Facts for Kids about Machu Picchu ." Easy Science for Kids, Jan 2020. Web. 29 Jan 2020. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/machu-picchu/ >.
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Tobin, Declan. (2020). Fun Facts for Kids about Machu Picchu. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/machu-picchu/
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