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Today, Maryland is known for its proximity to Washington D.C. and many people who live here work in government. But before that, the sea was the lifeblood of this state. Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the U.S., runs from the Atlantic Ocean almost across the entire state of Maryland. Captain John Smith explored this bay in 1608 and English settlers arrived in 1634.

Fun Facts

  • Native Americans farmed the rich land along the Chesapeake Bay and fished for blue crabs. Fishermen still harvest the crabs and restaurants throughout Maryland sell crab cakes.
  • Wild horses have lived on Assateague Island since the 1600s. The horses might have arrived at the island after surviving a ship wreck off the coast in the 1600s.
  • Camp David, traditional presidential mountain retreat, is located in Catoctin Mountain of Maryland.
  • The first school in America, King Williams School, opened in Maryland in 1696.
  • Francis Scott Key is believed to have written “The Star-Spangled Banner” on September 14, 1814 while watching fighting between the English and the U.S. in Baltimore harbor.
  • In 1784, Edward Warren launched the first successful American hot air balloon ride in Baltimore. He was only 13-years-old.

Maryland Quick Stats

Population: 5,773,552

State Capital: Annapolis (population 38,394)

Largest City: Baltimore (620,961)

Largest Metro: Baltimore-Washington Metro Area

State Bird: Northern Baltimore Oriole

State Flower: Black-Eyed Susan

Admission to Union: April 28, 1788

Questions and Answers

Question: Is Maryland prone to flooding because of its proximity to water?

Answer: Yes, Maryland has experienced its share of floods and hurricanes. Smith Island, which sits in the Chesapeake Bay, is shrinking every year. The people living here rely on fishing and crabbing for their living. There are no bridges to the island and people can only reach the mainland by boat.

Learn More

Watch a short video about Maryland.



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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Facts for Kids about Maryland ." Easy Science for Kids, Aug 2020. Web. 14 Aug 2020. < >.

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