Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain on the island of Borneo with an elevation of 13,435 feet. It is also the 20th Most Prominent Mountain in the world. It was formed about 10 million years ago. It is composed of igneous rock which was intruded into surrounding sedimentary rocks.
This mountain is located just at the center of the Kinabalu National Park in Malaysia. This national park covers an area of approximately 754 square kilometers. It was established in 1964 and was the first national park in Malaysia.
Quick Facts: –
- The first successful ascent to Mount Kinabalu was made by Hugh Low and S. St. John in March 1851.
- The highest peak of the mountain was later named Low’s Peak, after High Low.
- This National Park is home to more than 11 species of land snails, 326 bird species and 100 mammal species.
- It is also designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of the biological diversity.
- Almost 100,000 years ago, this mountain was covered with glaciers, scouring out cirques and scraping the rocky peak which can be seen now.
- There are many plants found on this mountain that are native to this particular region.
- There a are total of thirteen species of carnivorous pitcher plants on this mountain. Five out of them are native species.
- Only 150 people per day are permitted to climb the mountain. It is rotational, 75 make their ascent while 75 other make their descent.