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Mount Merapi


Mount Merapi is Indonesia’s most active volcano. It is located about 400 kilometres east of Jakarta in Central Java province. This stratovolcano is 2,968 meters high. It has an active lava dome.

This volcano has had 68 historic eruptions since 1548. The last major eruption was in 1994, when 66 people were killed. It has been witnessing small eruptions every 2-3 years, bigger ones every 10-15 years, and very large eruptions every 50-60 years.


Quick Facts: –

  • Mount Merapi is also known as the Fiery Mountain. Its name has been derived from the old Javanese language and it means ‘the one making fire’.
  • This volcano produces more nuee ardentes than any other volcano on Earth because of the collapse of the lava dome at the summit.
  • Nuees ardentes are clouds of volcanic gases, ash, and dust, reaching temperatures up to 500 degrees Celsius.
  • Mount Merapi is considered sacred by local people. They believe that a supernatural kingdom exists there.
  • This stratovolcano has steep slopes and an almost perfect cone shape.
  • It is situated above the subduction zone between the Eurasian and Indo-Australian tectonic.
  • It was designated as a Decade Volcano because of its violent past and its close proximity to Yogyakarta on the island of Java.
  • The country also has the world’s highest density of volcanoes. It is located in the Ring of Fire.



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