Mount Tambora is an active volcano located on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. It is a stratovolcano. A stratovolcano is steeper than a typical mountain and has a history of active or dormant volcanic occurrences. It has also experienced years of dormancy.
On April 5, 1815, the largest eruption known on earth during the past 10,000 years took place on this volcano. It was originally formed by the active subduction zone which lies beneath it. The eruptive fallout also ruined agricultural productivity in that region.
Quick Facts: –
- The 1815 the eruption of Mount Tambora was massive, it was powerful enough to lower down the average global temperature by 0.7°C.
- This was one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions with a death toll of more than 71,000.
- This eruption is one of the greatest environmental disasters mankind has ever experienced, the year following the eruption is known as the year without a summer.
- Continuous winter also caused huge food shortages all across the Northern Hemisphere.
- This volcano is also known as the Pompeii of the east after Mount Vesuvius destroyed Pompeii in Italy.
- It has several layers of deposits of volcanic ash, cooled and hardened lava, pumice and tephra.
- As a result of the eruption, a caldera was formed which is three miles in width and over 3,600 feet deep.
- The volcano has erupted 160 cubic meters of rock.
- The current height of Mount Tambora is 2,850 meters. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the height has increased to more than 4,000 meters.