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New Hampshire


Established in 1623 as a fishing settlement, New Hampshire was the first colony to declare its independence from England. For most of the 19th and 20th centuries, New Hampshire was sparsely populated. People near the 18-mile-long coastline worked in sawmills and fishing operations.

In the wooded inland areas, people lived on remote farms. Today, high-tech companies and other industries have made New Hampshire one of the fastest growing states in New England.

Fun Facts

  • New Hampshire is known as the “Granite State.” More than 200 different types of rocks are found here.
  • In 1934, winds on Mount Washington reached 231 miles per hour, which is comparable to a F4 tornado or a Category 5 hurricane.
  • Tourism is one of the chief industries in New Hampshire. More than 10 million visitors come each year for the beautiful lakes, forests, and ski resorts. Fall is a popular time to visit because of the brilliant foliage.
  • The state grows fruits, nuts, and vegetables. Poultry and eggs are also raised here.
  • New Hampshire is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Maine, and Canada. A tiny portion of the state runs along the Atlantic Ocean.
  • In 1719, the first American potato was planted at Londonderry Common Field.
  • The first free public library was established in Peterborough in 1833.
  • The first alarm clock was invented by Levi Hutchins of Concord in 1787.
  • Mystery Hill in Salem is home to America’s Stonehenge, a 4,000-year-old rock structure.
  • Stonyfield Farm, the yogurt company, is located in Londonderry.

New Hampshire Quick Stats

Population: 1,316,479

State Capital: Concord (population 42,500)

Largest City: Manchester (population 110,000)

Largest Metro: Manchester–Nashua

State Bird: purple finch

State Flower: purple lilac

Admission to Union: June 21, 1788

Questions and Answers

Question: What is the weather like in New Hampshire?

Answer: New Hampshire borders Canada and also has access to the Atlantic Ocean. It experiences some of the coldest temperatures and strongest winds in the country. Fall is mild and tourists flock to see the leaves change.

Learn More

Watch a video about New Hampshire.



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Declan, Tobin. " All Facts for Kids about New Hampshire ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 27 May 2020. < >.

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Tobin, Declan. (2020). All Facts for Kids about New Hampshire. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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