The Pantanal Wilderness is the world’s largest tropical wetland. It is located in western central Brazil at the south-west corner of the State of Mato Grosso. It comprises about 3 percent of the entire world’s wetlands. It covers an area of 66,100 square miles.
This region has the largest concentration of crocodiles in the world, with approximately 10 million caimans. Approximately 95% of the wetland is under private ownership and most part of which is used for cattle grazing.
Quick Facts: –
- The name of Pantanal Wilderness has been derived from the Portuguese word ‘pantano’ for marsh or wetland.
- The area gets an average annual rainfall of 1,000-1,400 mm. The average temperature is 25°C.
- It is a flat basin that drains water from the surrounding plateaus and often described as the biggest swamp in the world.
- Approximately 80 percent of the Pantanal Wilderness is flooded during the winter season.
- The area is homes for 3,500 plant species, 325 species of fish, 159 mammals, 656 bird species, 53 amphibians and 98 reptiles.
- The northern Pantanal has the highest density of jaguars in the world. You can easily spot them during the dry season from July till November.
- For more than 100 years the only human activity has been low-level cattle ranching in the area.