The Sundarbans is one of the largest mangrove forests in the world, covering an area of 140,000 hectares. It is a cluster of low-lying islands in the Bay of Bengal, spread across India and Bangladesh. It is an archipelago of 102 islands. Out of these 102 islands, 54 are inhabited by people.
In 1757, East India Company took all rights of Sundarbans from Mughal Emperor Alamgir II. The Sundarbans National Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage in 1987.
Quick Facts: –
- The Sundarbans is also known as the Green Delta, which is formed by the amalgamation of two famous rivers, Brahmaputra and Ganga.
- This mangrove forest supports 334 species of plants, 8 species of amphibians, 44 species of fishes, 53 species of reptiles, 315 species of birds, 49 species of mammals.
- The Sundarbans Jungle has been named after the large mangrove trees Sundari.
- This national Forest has the largest Fishery Board in India. It covers a total area of 50 hectares.
- This rainforest is a renowned place for tiger conservation under the Tiger Project. It is estimated to have 400 majestic and fiery Royal Bengal Tigers.
- Waterways are the main mode of transportation from one island to the other.
- Gosaba is the biggest and the last inhabited island on the Indian part of this large mangrove forest.
- Sundarban is one of the poorest and most densely populated regions of South Asia. It has a population of about 8 million.
- This region experiences high and low tides two times in a day.
- This national forest is being considered for being listed among the New Seven Wonders of Nature.