In general, a Sphinx can be defined as a mythological creature that has the body of a lion and the head of a person. In Ancient Egypt, people built sphinx statues to guard important areas like tombs and temples.
The Great Sphinx of Giza is the most famous one. It is the greatest monumental stone sculpture of the ancient world. It is 241 feet long, 20 feet wide and 66 feet high. It is located near the Pyramids of Giza, near Cairo in Africa’s Egypt.
Quick Facts: –
- The face of the sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra.
- The Great Sphinx of Giza has no nose. There are many theories but no one has an exact idea of what happened to its nose. Nose of the statue was about 1 meter wide.
- It is believed that the monument has been carved out of a single ridge of limestone around 2558 to 2532 BC.
- This sculpture remained mostly covered by sand for thousands of years.
- It is one of the most iconic symbols of Egypt. It was named as ‘Abul-hol’ by the Bedouins meaning the ‘father of terror’.
- No inscriptions have been found yet to indicate that who built this immense sculpture.
- The Great Sphinx is believed by some scholars to have a beard.
- The purpose of this sculpture is not known.
- The Sphinx has a serpent like tail that wraps around the right paw.
- When the statue was restored from the sand in 1816, a small temple of chapel was discovered between the paws of the statue.
- An Italian Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Caviglia excavated Giza. He also found small broken parts of the beard and tip of the Uraeus between the paws of the Sphinx.