Tulips are one of the most popular beautiful flowers in the world. The tulip is a member of the Liliaceae (a lily family). Tulips belong to genus Tulipa are cultivated bulbous herb in the Liliaceae family. Along with this, it consists of almost about 100 species that are locally Eurasia from Austria, Italy eastward to Japan. There are about 150 species and 3,000 more different varieties.
A centuries ago tulip originated in Persia and Turkey, at that time it played a significant role in the art and culture. The term tulip has been derived from a Persian word called Del band (turban).believed that the flower was called this because of its turban- shaped.
Tulips flowers grow from bulbs. They usually bloom in spring. Carolus Clusius first identified Viral Infection tulip known as broken tulip. These plants are perennial which means they do not contain woody structure, also live for more than two years.
Types of tulips
All over the world currently over 3,000 Tulip varieties are registered, which divided into fifteen divisions/groups based on the types of flower, blooming period and size as well. Some of the most famous types of flower are given below-
Single early – With cup-shaped single flowers, Growing 15 to 45 cm tall. They bloom early to midseason.
Double early – With bowl-shaped fully double flowers, typically grow from 30–40 cm tall. They bloom close to midseason.
Triumph – Single, cup-shaped flowers, Plants grow 35–60 cm tall. Bloom mid to late season.
Darwin hybrid – Single flowers are ovoid-shaped, Plants grow 50–70 cm tall. Bloom mid to late season.
Single late – Cup or goblet-shaped flowers, plants grow 45–75 cm tall. Bloom in late season
Double late – Large bell-shaped, heavy blooms; they range from 18 to 22 inches tall. Bloom in late season
Fringed (Crispa) – Cup-shaped, crystal-like fringes, growing 45–65 cm tall. Bloom in late season.
Parrot tulip – Whimsically shaped showy flower, with sharp edges, growing 40 to 60 cm tall. Bloom in mid-late season.
Acropolis tulip – Bell-shaped curvy flower, grow 50-60 cm tall. Bloom in late season.
Blue heron tulip – large petals edges with crystalline fringe, grow 10-15 cm. Bloom in mid-late season.
Features of tulips
- Tulips are brightly colored, bell-shaped flower on a stem that grows from a bulb, also a flower itself.
- The tulip produces two or more thick, colored leaves that are clustered at the base of the plant.
- The usually bell-shaped flowers have three petals, sepals, and stems. There are six free stamens, and the three-lobed ovary is terminated by a sessile three-lobed stigma.
- The fruit is a capsule with many seeds. Many garden tulips can be propagated only by their scaly bulbs.
Parts of Tulip: Petals, sepals, stem leaves.
- For a tulip bulb to blossom in the springtime, it must be planted in the summer months.
- The Netherlands produces nearly 12.5 billion flowers per year.
- Dutch tulips are among the tallest flowers in the world.
- A speculative frenzy over tulips in the Netherlands in 1633–37 is now known as the Tulip Mania.
- Late-blooming tulips are the largest class, with the widest range of growth habits and colors.
- The world’s largest producer and exporter of tulip is Holland.
- The flowers are native to mountains areas, so they need a period of cold dormancy, known as vernalization.
- The flower buds are known for being almost perfectly symmetrical.
- Tulips can be found in almost any color and different colors have different meanings.
- They will bend and twist to grow towards light even when placed in a vase.
- Carolus Clusius was the first person; identify a viral infection known as ‘broken tulip’.
Uses of tulips
Tulip flowers are mainly used as:
Cosmetic use: Benefits of Tulip flower as a cosmetic use, beauty product such as cream, hand creams, lotion. Tulip extract used in essential oils and perfumery.
Health Benefits: Use to Reduces the risk of cancer, Best remedy for Cough & Cold. Used for sinus pain, fever, and headache. It also has antiseptic properties.
Environmental benefits: Tulip can brighten up the surroundings with its array of beautiful colors. Tulips were used for inspirational purposes in the 13th century by many Persian poets.
Medicinal Benefits: Tulip petals are known to be an excellent remedy for insect bites, bee stings, burns, and rashes on the skin to avoid irritation and gave quick relief with a soothing effect. Hold the leaves and placed in an affected area to give quick relief.
Gardening & decorations: flower is popularly used to make beautiful flower arrangements. Used as a gift to send as a surprise to your loved ones. Tulips are the most popularly used as wedding flowers in the form of general decoration, table decorations, and bridal bouquets. Used for gardening purposes.
Fun points for kids
- It is the national flower of Turkey and Afghanistan.
- The scientific name of the tulip flower is Tulipa.
- The flowers are shaped like a cup and it consists of three petals and three sepals.
- The meaning of tulips is generally perfect love, prosperity.
- Tulips are among the most popular of all garden flowers.
- A gift of tulips is a sure delight, beauty, and simplicity.
- This is one of the world’s most easily recognized flowers.
- White tulips are used to send a message of forgiveness.
- Different types of tulips known as a different meaning sense.
- Their petals are edible and can be used in place of onions in many recipes.