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United States Capitol


The United States Capitol is the meeting place of the US Congress. It is located at 100 Constitution Avenue NW in Washington, DC. It is sometimes known as the Capitol Building. It is one of the most symbolically important and architecturally impressive buildings in the country.

It is a great example of the 19th century neoclassical architecture. The cornerstone of this building was laid by President George Washington on September 18, 1793. Since then it has been through many construction phases. Now the complex is maintained by the Architect of the Capitol.


Quick Facts: –

  • In 1801, Supreme Court held the very first meeting in the United States.
  • During the War of 1812, British troops set fire to the building on August 24, 1814.
  • The building has a total of 540 rooms and 658 windows. The dome alone has 108 rooms.
  • In the center of the building, there is one crypt which was built to store the remains of President George Washington and Martha Washington.
  • The famous dome of the building was not added to the building until the 1850s.
  • This dome is made of cast iron and not of stone. It is carefully painted to appear to be made of the same stone as the main building.
  • There is a room in the north wing of the building that serves as the legislative chamber of the US Senate. It is known as the United States Senate Chamber.
  • There is a 19.5 feet tall statue that sits atop the dome. It is known as the Statue of Freedom.
  • The main Capitol building has underground tunnels and a private subway.



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