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Volcano Science Project Facts for Kids Video

 

                                           Facts about Volcanoes

Volcanoes can be defined as openings in the earth’s surface from which gas, hot magma, and ash can escape. The term volcano has been derived from the Roman name ‘Vulcan’ who is the Roman god of fire. Volcanoes are generally found at meeting points of tectonic plates. There are mainly four types of volcanoes which are Shield Volcano, Composite Volcano, Cinder Cone, and Lava Dome. The hot liquid rock is known as magma when it is inside the volcano and known as lava once it leaves the volcano. Common volcanic gases are water vapor, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide etc.

Quick Facts: –

  • Mauna Loa in Hawaii is the world’s largest active volcano. It stands approximately 4,169 meters tall.
  • There are no volcanoes in Australia because it sits in the middle of a tectonic plate.
  • On the basis of the amount of volcanic activity happening, volcanoes are classified in three different types that are active, dormant, and extinct.
  • More than 75% of the earth’s volcanoes are located in an area around the Pacific Ocean. It is known as Ring of Fire.
  • Olympus Moon is the biggest known volcano in the entire solar system. It is 373 miles wide and 13 miles high and located on the planet Mars.
  • Lava is very hot and can reach a temperature of 1,250°C. It can burn almost everything in its path.
  • The most destructive eruption in the US history took place on May 18, 1980, when Mount St. Helens erupted.
  • Mount Erebus is the southernmost active volcano on the planet. It is located in Antarctica.
  • According to the US geological survey, there are about 1,500 potentially active volcanoes all over the world.
  • The danger area around a volcano covers about a 20-mile radius.
 

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