Westminster Abbey is a large Gothic abbey church located in the City of Westminster, London. This is a religious building which also has royal importance. It is the site of coronations and other ceremonies of national significance.
The present church was begun by Henry III in 1245. The first Westminster Abbey was established in 960.The building was expanded significantly since then. The most recent addition to the abbey is the North entrance, completed in the 19th century.
Quick Facts: –
- The official name for this church is the Collegiate Church of St. Peter at Westminster.
- The museum of Westminster Abbey has wax figures of many previous British Monarchs.
- In 1987, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with St. Margaret’s Church, and the Houses of Parliament.
- This abbey is the final resting place of seventeen monarchs.
- Up until now (2018), a total of thirty nine coronations have taken place at the church. The most recent was of Queen Elizabeth II.
- The first royal wedding in the Abbey was of King Henry I and Matilda of Scotland. It took place in 1100.
- The abbey includes the nave which is the chapel of Henry VII. It is also the highest in England.
- During the coronation, every British monarch sits on the King Edward’s Chair. It is also known as the Coronation Chair.
- An oak door by the Chapter House is England’s oldest door. It dates back to about 1050 AD.