The Nile River is the longest river in the world. It is about 6,650 kilometers long. It is in the amazing continent of Africa. The name of this river is derived from the Greek word ‘neilos’ that means river. Approximately 22% of the river’s course runs through the Egypt. The land is environment-friendly on either side of the Nile River. The Lake Victoria is the main lake in Africa. It is also known as the source of Nile River. This river flows through 10 different countries which are Kenya, Congo, Sudan, Egypt, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and Eritrea. Nile crocodiles are the largest crocodiles in Africa.
Fun Facts: –
- The Nile River was very much important to ancient Egyptians. They worshiped the river as one of their gods.
- Nile crocodiles are the largest crocodiles in Africa.
- The river floods the land in Egypt leaving the black sediment behind. It creates a fertile green valley across the desert.
- Some major dams built on the river are the Aswan High Dam, Roseires Dam, Sennar Dam, and Owen Falls Dam.
- In 1861, the very first dam was built on the River Nile in order to raise the river levels for increased irrigation.
- The Ancient Egyptians called the Nile River ‘Ar’ or ‘Aur’ that means ‘black’.
- The river also serves as a major source of transportation.
- Approximately 40 million people live in the Nile Delta Region that is about half of the entire Egypt’s population.
- The river Nile is formed by two different rivers, the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
- The origin of White Nile is in East Africa and of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia.
- The river splits into two branches near the Mediterranean Sea the Rosetta Branch and the Damietta Branch.