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Comets, Meteors and Asteroids  

Comets, meteors and asteroids have several things in common. First, they’re believed to be remnants of the materials that created the Sun and the planets. Basically, they’re leftovers. Comets, meteors and asteroids are too small to be planets. Some are only a few feet in size, while others are a mile or more long.

Blue Comet Image - Science for Kids All about Comets, Meteors and Asteroids

Comets are mostly made of ice. They are very old. As comets travel close to the Sun, some of the ice melts off and becomes a gas. This melting process causes bits of dust and debris to trail behind the comet. This tail can be seen in the night sky as a bright, quickly-moving light.

Fun Facts about Comets, Meteors and Asteroids for Kids

  • Comets are mostly made of ice. They are very old. As comets travel close to the Sun, some of the ice melts off and becomes a gas. This melting process causes bits of dust and debris to trail behind the comet. This tail can be seen in the night sky as a bright, quickly-moving light.
  • Comets orbit at the very edge of the galaxy, past Pluto.
Asteroids Heading Towards Earth Image

Asteroids are mostly made of rock. Asteroids are found in the Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter. Keep reading to find out more all about comets, meteors and asteroids.

  • Asteroids are mostly made of rock. Asteroids are found in the Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter.
  • Sometimes asteroids collide or crash into one another. When this happens, thousands of little pieces chip off the asteroids. These little pieces are called meteors. The meteors travel through space and occasionally become caught by a planet’s gravitational pull. Meteors enter the Earth’s atmosphere every day. Most of them burn up, but if they land on Earth, they are called meteorites.
  • Most meteorites are small, but larger ones have landed on cars or houses, causing damage.
Asteroids in Space Image

Sometimes asteroids collide or crash into one another. When this happens, thousands of little pieces chip off the asteroids. These little pieces are called meteors.

Comet, Meteor and Asteroid Vocabulary

  1. Comet: a large body in space made of rock, ice and frozen gas
  2. Meteor: small pieces of rock or minerals that have broken off a larger asteroid
  3. Asteroid: a large body in space made of rock and minerals
  4. Collide: run into or crash into
  5. Galaxy: also known as the solar system; a system of planets, stars and moons orbiting around a Sun
Asteroids Caused Dinosaur Extinction Image

Scientists believe an asteroid might have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Learn More All About Comets, Meteors and Asteroids

Have a look at this meteor video:

A video differentiating meteors, meteoroids and meteorites.

Comet, Meteor and Asteroid Q&A

Question: Could an asteroid hit the earth?

Answer: Asteroids usually stay in the Asteroid Belt, but they’re sometimes knocked off course. An asteroid could hit the Earth, although it’s unlikely. Scientists believe an asteroid might have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs. Astronomers are constantly studying the skies, looking for asteroids that might crash into Earth.

Useful Websites :

www.planetsforkids.org

www.coolspacefacts.com

 

 

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Tobin, Declan. (2017). Comets, Meteors and Asteroid Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-comets-meteors-and-asteroids/

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