Costa Rica

Fun Earth Science for Kids All About Costa Rica - the National Flag of Costa Rica - Costa Rica Quiz
Fun Earth Science for Kids All About Costa Rica - the National Flag of Costa Rica

Unlike many of its neighboring countries, Costa Rica has enjoyed peace for almost 100 years. The country is a democracy with elected officials and no organized army.

Costa Rica is a country in Central America known for its stunning natural beauty and biodiversity. It has a rich history and a vibrant culture. With its tropical rainforests, volcanoes, and beautiful beaches, Costa Rica offers a wide range of outdoor activities such as hiking, surfing, and wildlife spotting. It is also a leader in sustainable tourism and has a strong commitment to protecting its environment. Costa Rica is a popular destination for eco-tourism and adventure seekers from around the world.

Costa Rica Facts for Kids

  • Costa Rica is in Central America.
  • Its capital city is San Jose.
  • Spanish is the official language.
  • There’s been no standing army since 1948.
  • The currency is the Costa Rican Colón.
  • It’s known for its biodiversity.
  • It produces great coffee.
  • It has several active volcanoes.
  • It’s home to many rainforests.
  • Soccer is the most popular sport.

Central America

Nestled between Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south, Costa Rica is a captivating Central American country known for its impressive biodiversity, despite its relatively small size. Home to over 5% of the world’s plant and animal species, it also boasts several islands, with the UNESCO World Heritage site, Isla del Coco, being the most noteworthy.

Costa Rica is particularly admired for its staunch commitment to environmental protection and sustainability. Interestingly, it has no army, having abolished it in 1948 in favor of investing in education and environmental stewardship. Its inhabitants, fondly known as ‘Ticos’, primarily communicate in Spanish, the country’s official language.


Situated in Central America, Costa Rica is a captivating haven for children with a passion for nature and adventure, renowned for its rich, diverse tropical ecosystems. This enchanting country, although occupying merely 0.03% of the Earth’s surface, is a cradle for nearly 6% of the world’s biodiversity.

The reason lies in Costa Rica’s tropical location, receiving direct sunlight throughout the year, fostering a warm climate and heavy rainfall, ideal conditions for a thriving ecosystem. Children visiting Costa Rica have the opportunity to witness and learn about an array of wildlife, from the vivacious tropical birds like toucans and macaws to intriguing animals like sloths and monkeys.


Costa Rica, despite occupying a mere 0.03% of the Earth’s surface, is a biodiversity hotspot, housing an impressive 5% of all life forms globally. Its rich variety of rainforests, teeming with an astounding array of wildlife, provide crucial habitat for over half a million species, including colorful toucans, charming tree frogs, and elusive jaguars.

Many of these rainforests, such as the ethereal Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve with its enchanting foggy environment, are under protection. These ecosystems play a pivotal role not just for the fauna they shelter but also for humans, contributing significantly to oxygen production by generating 20% of the world’s supply.

Thus, any exploration of Costa Rica would be incomplete without acknowledging the importance and beauty of its incredible rainforests.


Despite its small geographical footprint in Central America, Costa Rica is a biodiversity powerhouse, housing an impressive array of flora and fauna. Its rich biodiversity, accounting for nearly 5% of the world’s total, is remarkable considering it only constitutes about 0.03% of the Earth’s surface.

This equates to over half a million species, including exotic birds, intriguing reptiles, and captivating insects, across its diverse landscapes of rainforests, mountains, and beaches. Costa Rica’s astounding biodiversity offers an unparalleled opportunity to immerse in nature studies and underscores the criticality of preserving our planet’s ecosystems.


Situated in Central America, Costa Rica is a prominent figure in the realm of ecotourism, which is a travel ethos that encourages exploration and admiration of nature while maintaining a minimal environmental footprint. The country’s rich biodiversity, constituting over 5% of the world’s total, makes it an ideal ecotourism destination.

Visitors can immerse themselves in the stunning variety of flora and fauna in the numerous national parks and reserves, where they can encounter wildlife such as monkeys, sloths, and vibrant tropical birds. Moreover, Costa Rica’s dedication to renewable energy and sustainability amplifies its appeal, serving as an excellent educational model for children about environmental stewardship.


Costa Rica, home to over 200 volcanic formations, is a thriving hub of volcanic activity, featuring six volcanoes that are presently active. This presents a unique opportunity for those keen on learning about volcanoes. Among these, the famous Arenal Volcano, which was the most active until 2010, and the towering Irazú Volcano, the country’s tallest at over 11,000 feet, are particularly noteworthy.

Besides their stunning visual appeal, these volcanoes play a crucial role in enriching the country’s soil, ideal for cultivating coffee, a major Costa Rican export. Nevertheless, safety is a top priority, with careful monitoring of these volcanic structures ensuring you can appreciate their magnificence without concern.

Pura Vida (Costa Rican lifestyle and philosophy)

Costa Rica, a vibrant Central American nation, is the epitome of ‘Pura Vida’ or ‘Pure Life’, a philosophy that is much more than a simple phrase. This ethos, deeply ingrained in the lifestyle of Costa Ricans, or Ticos as they are known, is a testament to a life that is serene, simple, and free from chaos, underpinned by a profound respect for nature, family, and friends.

The term ‘Pura Vida’ is a versatile expression used by Ticos in greetings, and farewells, and to communicate their well-being. Recognized for their happiness, friendliness, and laid-back demeanor, Ticos are outdoor enthusiasts who cherish time spent with loved ones and maintain an optimal work-life balance. This ‘Pura Vida’ philosophy significantly contributes to Costa Rica’s reputation as one of the world’s happiest countries.

Wildlife conservation

Known worldwide for its commitment to wildlife conservation, Costa Rica is a rich tapestry of natural diversity. Despite only being about the size of West Virginia and occupying a mere 0.03% of the Earth’s surface, this small Central American nation boasts a remarkable 5% of the planet’s biodiversity. Over half a million animal species, including many that are unique to the area, call Costa Rica home.

The Costa Rican government has taken decisive action to protect this immense biodiversity, with over a quarter of the country’s land designated as national parks, reserves, and wildlife refuges. This dedication to conservation transforms Costa Rica into a haven for young nature enthusiasts, who can witness exotic animals such as sloths, monkeys, and toucans in their natural environments.

National parks

Costa Rica, with its impressive 28 national parks that occupy nearly a quarter of its land area, offers a remarkable paradise for young nature enthusiasts. The parks, interspersed throughout the country, each serve as unique sanctuaries for a variety of plant species, birds, and animals.

For instance, the Corcovado National Park is famed for its rich biodiversity, sheltering approximately 500 species of trees and a diverse range of wildlife, including jaguars, tapirs, and scarlet macaws, while the Tortuguero National Park is renowned for the green turtles that come to its shores to nest.

These parks present an excellent opportunity for children to gain knowledge about nature and ecology, in addition to providing exciting adventures such as hiking, bird-watching, and wildlife spotting.

Beaches and coastlines

Located in Central America, Costa Rica is celebrated for its striking 1,290-kilometer coastline, offering a diverse range of beautiful beaches that are perfect for kids to explore. This country is uniquely situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

The Pacific coastline, extending over 600 miles, features stunning sandy beaches and secluded bays, providing an ideal setting for sandcastle building, swimming, and wildlife spotting. On the other hand, the Caribbean side boasts crystal-clear waters, lush vegetation, and lively coral reefs, presenting older kids with exciting snorkeling opportunities. Some of these beaches are even frequented by nesting sea turtles, offering a truly enchanting spectacle for children.

Hence, for young ocean enthusiasts, Costa Rica’s beaches are akin to an expansive outdoor playground waiting to be discovered!

Fun Earth Science for Kids All About Costa Rica - the National Flag of Costa Rica
Fun Earth Science for Kids All About Costa Rica – the National Flag of Costa Rica

Costa Rica has fertile mountains and farmlands, as well as jungles. Farmers grow coffee, sugar, bananas and tobacco. The government is working hard though, to save much of the rain forest. Family life is very important here and people take time to have fun and enjoy life.

Fun Facts About Costa Rica for Kids

  • There are 4,331,000 people living in Costa Rica.
  • The country has 19,730 square miles of land.
  • Most people living here are Christian.
  • The official language of Costa Rica is Spanish.
  • 96 percent of adults can read.
  • People living in Costa Rica can expect to live to be 79 years old.

Costa Rica Vocabulary

  1. Peace: without war or conflict
  2. Fertile: rich, good for growing crops
  3. Education: schooling

All About Costa Rica Video for Kids

Check out this cool video about Costa Rica for kids:

Costa Rica Q&A

Question: Does Costa Rica have protected forests?

Answer: One-fifth of Costa Rica is protected forest land. Over 2,000 species of trees and 9,000 different flowering plants live here. Here you’ll find over 200 species of reptiles, including snakes and poison arrow frogs, as well as many insects and mammals.

Map of Costa Rica

Here’s a map of the country of Costa Rica and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Costa Rica! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Costa Rica, as though you are actually there!


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