Bordered by Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in Northwest Africa, Gambia is one of the smallest countries in Africa. Although the Gambia River runs provides water for farming, the soil is sandy and poor, and crops don’t grow well.
Peanuts are one of the few things they grow in this country and are one of the country’s largest exports. Gambia gained its independence from Britain in 1965. In 1994, Yahya Jammeh seized power. He has been the president ever since, ruling with complete control.
Fun Facts About Gambia for Kids
- The capital city of Gambia is Banjul.
- The largest cities in Gambia Serekunda and Brikama.
- 1.8 million people live in Gambia.
- The country has 4,363 square miles of land.
- Most people are Muslim.
- English is the official language in Gambia. Other languages used in Gambia are Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer and Jola.
- The life expectancy in Gambia is 58 years.
- 37 percent of adults can read.
- Poor: reduced or limited
- Crop: type of food grown by farmers
- Export: product sold or traded to other countries
All About Gambia Video for Kids
Here’s a great video for kids on Gambia:
Question: Why is the shape of Gambia so weird?
Answer: Because France and Britain made them that way. The borders of Gambia today were agreed upon by the French and British governments in 1889. Britain was given control of the area about 10 miles north and south of the Gambia River.
Question: Do children have to go to school in Gambia?
Answer: Gambia has a constitution and it states that every child has to go to primary school and that it is free. Unfortunately, Gambia lacks the resources to enforce and financially support this requirement.
Question: Are there television, radio and newspapers like in the United States?
Answer: There are newspapers and radio stations in Gambia, but they need special licenses from the government and those licenses are very expensive. Also, the government puts strict restrictions on all of the stations that cover the entire country.
Map of Gambia
Here’s a map of the country of Gambia and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Gambia! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Gambia, as though you are actually there!
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MLA Style Citation
Declan, Tobin. " Gambia Facts for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, Oct 2019. Web. 17 Oct 2019. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-gambia/ >.
APA Style Citation
Tobin, Declan. (2019). Gambia Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-gambia/
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